Hockenberry: Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children

Topics: Nursing, Medicine, Public health Pages: 7 (1697 words) Published: September 18, 2013
Hockenberry: Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children, 9th Edition

Chapter 01: Perspectives of Pediatric Nursing

Test Bank

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1.From a worldwide perspective in reducing infant mortality, the United States: a.|is ranked similar to 20 other developed countries.|
b.|is ranked highest among 27 other industrialized countries.| c.|is ranked last among 27 countries that have a population of at least 25 million.| d.|is ranked in the middle of 20 other developed countries.|

ANS:C
Although the death rate has decreased, the United States still ranks last in infant mortality among nations with a population of at least 25 million. The United States has the highest infant death rate of developed nations.

DIF:Cognitive Level: KnowledgeREF:p. 7
TOP:Nursing Process: AssessmentMSC:Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance

2.Which of the following is the leading cause of death in infants younger than 1 year? a.|Congenital anomalies|
b.|Sudden infant death syndrome|
c.|Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight| d.|Maternal complications specific to the perinatal period|

ANS:A
Congenital anomalies account for 20.1% of deaths in infants younger than 1 year, compared with sudden infant death syndrome, which accounts for 8.2%; disorders related to short gestation and unspecified low birth weight, which account for 16.5%; and maternal complications such as infections specific to the perinatal period, which account for 6.1% of deaths in infants under 1 year of age.

DIF:Cognitive Level: KnowledgeREF:p. 7TOP:Nursing Process: Planning MSC:Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance

3.The major cause of death for children older than 1 year is which of the following? a.|Childhood cancer|
b.|Unintentional injuries|
c.|Heart disease|
d.|Congenital anomalies|

ANS:B
Unintentional injuries (accidents) are the leading cause of death after age 1 year through adolescence. The leading cause of death for those younger than 1 year is congenital anomalies, and childhood cancers and heart disease cause a significantly lower percentage of deaths in children older than 1 year of age.

DIF:Cognitive Level: ComprehensionREF:p. 3TOP:Nursing Process: Planning MSC:Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance

4.In addition to injuries, which of the following are leading causes of death in adolescents and young adults ages 15 to 24 years? a.|Suicide, cancer|
b.|Suicide, homicide|
c.|Homicide, heart disease|
d.|Drowning, cancer|

ANS:B
Homicide and suicide account for 16.7% of deaths in this age-group. Suicide and cancer account for 10.9% of deaths, and cancer accounts for 3.5% of the deaths in this age-group. Drowning is responsible for less than 2% of the deaths in adolescents.

DIF:Cognitive Level: KnowledgeREF:p. 8TOP:Nursing Process: Planning MSC:Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance

5.Which of the following is descriptive of deaths caused by injuries? a.|More deaths occur in males.|
b.|More deaths occur in females.|
c.|The pattern of deaths does not vary widely among different ethnic groups.| d.|The pattern of deaths does not vary according to age and sex.|

ANS:A
The majority of deaths from unintentional injuries occur in males. The pattern of death does vary greatly among different ethnic groups, and the causes of unintentional deaths vary with age and gender.

DIF:Cognitive Level: ComprehensionREF:pp. 3,4TOP:Nursing Process: Planning MSC:Client Needs: Health Promotion and Maintenance

6.Morbidity statistics describe which of the following?
a.|Disease occurring regularly within a geographic location| b.|The number of individuals who have died over a specific period| c.|The prevalence of specific illness in the population at a particular time| d.|Disease occurring in more than the number of expected cases in a community|

ANS:C
Morbidity statistics show the prevalence of specific illness...
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