“Hobbes contribution as a social contraction-A critical analysis
Sanskriti R. Mall
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER-I Pg no. * Introduction 6 * Statement of problem 7 * Objectives 7 * Hypothesis 7 * Research methodology 7 * Research question 7 * Research Methodology 7 * Review of literature 8
* Hobbes and state of nature 9-11
* Hobbes and leviathan 12-14
* Hobbes and power 15-17
* Conclusion 18 * Bibliography 19
The English philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) is best known for his political thought, and deservedly so. His vision of the world is strikingly original and still relevant to contemporary politics. His main concern is the problem of social and political order: how human beings can live together in peace and avoid the danger and fear of civil conflict. He poses stark alternatives: we should give our obedience to an unaccountable sovereign (a person or group empowered to decide every social and political issue). Otherwise what awaits us is a “state of nature” that closely resembles civil war – a situation of universal insecurity, where all have reason to fear violent death and where rewarding human cooperation is all but impossible. One controversy has dominated interpretations of Hobbes. Does he see human beings as purely self-interested or egoistic? Several passages support such a reading, leading some to think that his political conclusions can be avoided if we adopt a more realistic picture of human nature. However, most scholars now accept that Hobbes himself had a much more complex view of human motivation. A major theme below will be why the problems he poses cannot be avoided simply by taking a less “selfish” view of human nature.
Statement of Problem
To study the concept of social contract theory under Hobbes purview as differentiated from...