HIV / AIDS INFECTED WIDOWS IN TIRUCHIRAPPALLI DISTRICT, TAMILNADU
The Indian epidemic continues to be concentrated in populations with high risk behavior characterized by unprotected paid sex, sex between men, and injecting drug use with shared injecting equipment. Several high risk groups have high HIV prevalence, and sexual networks are wide and inter-digitizing. According to India’s National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), the bulk of HIV infections in India occur during unprotected heterosexual intercourse. Consequently, women account for a growing proportion of people living with HIV (38per cent in 2005), especially in rural areas. Recent data suggests that some southern states may be experiencing declining or stabilizing HIV prevalence among young women (Web.worldbank.org). Discrimination against widows and HIV/AIDS are significantly adds to the burden of the already inferior status of widows. The young widows, frequently with their young children, face the burden of discrimination on two counts that the loss of their husband and the disease. The Government of India estimates that in 2006 about 2.45 million Indians were living with HIV (1.75 - 3.15 million) with an adult prevalence rate of 0.41 percent. India’s highly heterogeneous epidemic is largely concentrated in six states in the industrialized south and west and in the north-eastern tip. On average, HIV prevalence in those states is 4–5 times higher than in the other Indian states. HIV prevalence is highest in the Mumbai-Karnataka corridor, the Nagpur area of Maharashtra, the Namakkal district of Tamil Nadu, coastal Andhra Pradesh, and parts of Manipur and Nagaland. The first HIV/AIDS case in India was identified in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, in 1986. Twenty years later, in 2006, 2.5 million Indians were HIV positive, according to an estimate by United Nations AIDS (UNAIDS). According to United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIVAIDS (UNGASS), India’s epidemic is concentrated within high-risk groups, among whom prevalence is substantially higher than it is in the general population. Prevalence also varies dramatically by district, state, and region, with numerous isolated pockets of high prevalence. In Tamil Nadu and other southern states where a large number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) reside, HIV prevalence was about five times higher than in northern states from 2000–2004, according to UNAIDS (UNAIDS). There are a number of issues that put widows at risk of HIV infection, such as sexual violence in conflict or increased vulnerability due to violation of property rights. 94% of the HIV positive women, who reported to the main research hospital in Mumbai in 1998, had been infected by their husbands. 20% of these women, all below 30, had previously been widowed by AIDS. In 1997 women represented only 41per cent of the people living with HIV. Now that figure has risen and women represent almost 50per cent of global HIV infected people. Woman are more susceptible to HIV/AIDS because biological & sociological factor wrong to their status in society woman’s are not able to make decision about their own live & bodies. This patriarchal attitude is the basic reason why women are more at risk of infection by HIV / AIDS (Saraswath Raju Laya). The first identified cases of AIDS occurred in the spring of 1981, when the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP) reported that five young, previously healthy, homosexually active men in Los Angeles exhibited a rare type of upper respiratory infection. The first HIV/AIDS case in India was identified in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, in 1986. Around 2.5 million Indians were affected by HIV positive, according to an estimate by UNAIDS. ➢ 33.6 Million People are living with HIV / AIDS, 148 million of whom are women. ➢ 2.1 Million Died of AIDS on 1999, 1.1 Million of whom were women. ➢ 5 million adults newly infected in 1999. 2.3 million are women....
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