Hiv Prevention

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  • Topic: AIDS, HIV, South Africa
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HIV/AIDS

LIFE SKILLS - EDC 121 – TONI SYLVESTER
Nataniël P. Marthinus
Student Nr. 3142910
Assignment 1
Due Date: 01 March 2011

INTRODUCTION1
Eight Fundamental considerations or steps to be followed before and after administering a blood test for HIV.1
Voluntary Counseling & Testing1
Food and Nutrition1
Prevention & Onward Transmission of HIV1
Follow-up Counseling1
Stigma & Discrimination2
Spiritual Support2
Sexually Transmitted Infections2
Palliative Care2
Strategies for the provision of HIV-related Treatment, care and support services2
Ensuring the continuation of education (EDC121 Course Reader: 41)2
Providing psychosocial support for children (EDC121 Course Reader: 42)2
Treatment education at school2
Successful school-based HIV/AIDS treatment, care and support programmes3
Caring School Environment3
Child Centered Programmes3
Build on existing services3
Community Involvement3
The UNAIDS (2000) article4
Demographic effects4
Health effects4
Family-life effects4
Welfare effects4
Education effects4
UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS5
REFERENCES6

INTRODUCTION
HIV/AIDS is the fastest growing epidemic here in Africa. In fact, the virus is so widespread you will find people with the virus all over the world. According to statistics in November 2007, people living with HIV & AIDS around the world are the most in Africa. It also shows that the disease occurs mostly around infants who acquire the virus from their mother. (EDC121 Course Reader: 55). I will be discussing various topics concerning the virus.

Eight Fundamental considerations or steps to be followed before and after administering a blood test for HIV. Voluntary Counseling & Testing
Through counseling and knowledge of the virus, it could help a person with following a healthy lifestyle so that he or she can live longer and prevent other infections. People who learn that they are negative could learn to change their behavior towards people living with the virus. (EDC121 Course Reader: 37)

Food and Nutrition
Good nutrition only cannot keep a person permanently healthy. Nevertheless it may help lengthen the lifespan of a person living with HIV. Nutrition plays a huge role in the medication process of a person living with HIV. It can also increase the risk of HIV transmission from mother to baby. (EDC121 Course Reader: 37)

Prevention & Onward Transmission of HIV
Counseling on sexual behavior is advised. Provide condoms and must have a supportive environment. (EDC121 Course Reader: 37)

Follow-up Counseling
HIV affects all aspects of a person’s life. It can help someone understand, live with and accept their status. (EDC121 Course Reader: 37)

Stigma & Discrimination
Stigma is fueled by mythical concepts. Thus it is a barrier to prevent future infections and further treatment. Communities have a various concepts around AIDS and how the virus is spread. This indicates a lack of knowledge and understanding towards the disease. (EDC121 Course Reader: 37)

Spiritual Support
Support from spiritual leaders and priests may be comforting. (EDC121 Course Reader: 37)

Sexually Transmitted Infections
STI co-contribute to HIV transmission. If treated, it can help reduce AIDS spread through sexual intercourse and can keep a person healthier for longer. (EDC121 Course Reader: 37)

Palliative Care
Because of a lack of health infrastructure there are insufficient Palliative care institutes for people who are approaching the end of their lives. Palliative care provides comfort and support for people who are terminally ill and helps people die a comfortable death. (EDC121 Course Reader: 37)

Strategies for the provision of HIV-related Treatment, care and support services Ensuring the continuation of education (EDC121 Course Reader: 41) Providing psychosocial support for children (EDC121 Course Reader: 42) Treatment education at school

HIV-positive learners and...
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