Names | Descriptions | Examples of application | My own examples of application |
Health belief model | What makes people decide to engage in health behaviour knowledge is needed but it is not enough for helping people following a guideline for eating. People must believe they are having problem that need something to change it. | 1. The model provides a set of concepts that if applied can help make nutrition intervention materials and messages more effective.2.The perceived benefit of changing to a low-fat diet such as feeling better, controlling weight or avoiding heart diseases must be compared to the perceived and barriers of such a change. | 1. Drinking alcohol everyday can have a bad effect on your health e.g. forget to take your pills if you are on ARVs your memory does not function properly.2. The perceived benefit of changing drinking alcohol to avoid memory loss and liver failure could make a person to change his/her behaviour of drinking alcohol. |
Stages of change model | Changing dietary habits involves many kinds of decision. People may or may not be ready to try a specific change at a given time. | Program strategies will probably be more effective when they are design to match individual stage in change process.2. Mismatching may result in lack of results or actually discouraging the individual from considering change. | 1. Stop drinking alcohol will be effective if a person has decided inside that I want to stop drinking but was not having knowledge on how to stop it, so the programme will be a stepping stone for behaviour change.2. You could not tell a person who is not ready to stop drinking and say stop drinking. You have to give that person information of why you say stop drinking the disadvantages of drinking while you are HIV positive. |
Social cognitive theory | We learn from the environment we are leaving, to the people around us all the behaviours we learn from our environment. | 1. Social cognitive theory... [continues]
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