Hiv Aids

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REVIEW PAPER ANALYSING
THE EXISTING LEGAL AND POLICY PROVISIONS AND PRACTICES
WITH RESPECT TO HUMAN RIGHTS IN RELATION TO PEOPLE LIVING
WITH HIV AND AIDS IN BANGLADESH

BY
NAJRANA IMAAN, BARRISTER
A T M MORSHED ALAM, ADVOCATE
OF
AIN O SALISH KENDRA (ASK)

SUPERVISOR
DR. FAUSTINA PEPEIRA
MEMBER
AIN O SALISH KENDRA (ASK)

APRIL, 2008
1

1. INTRODUCTION .....................................................................................................

3

2. METHODS ................................................................................................................

4

3. POSITION IN BANGLADESH WITH REGARD TO HIV AND AIDS ................

5

4. CURRENT LEGAL PROVISIONS, POLICIES AND PRACTICES ......................

6

4.1 National AIDS Policy ....................................................................................

6

4.1.1 Background …………………………………………………………

6

4.1.2 Policy Statement ……………………………………………………

6

4.1.3 Objectives and Strategies ………………………………………

7

4.1.4 Discussion on Proscriptive Laws, Protective laws and Instrumental Laws ………………………………………………………………………

7

4.2 National Strategic Plan 1997-2002 ………………………………………

10

4.3 National Strategic Plan 2004-2010 ………………………………………

11

4.4 Constitution of Bangladesh ...........................................................................

12

4.5 Other Laws having an indirect impact on PLHA ..........................................

13

5. CURRENT AVAILABLE SERVICES FOR PLHA .................................................

17

6. HOW THE CURRENT LEGAL PROVISIONS ARE LACKING AND
INEFFECTIVE ..........................................................................................................

32

7. LEGAL POSITION IN OTHER COUNTRIES ........................................................

33

7. 1 India ..............................................................................................................

33

7.2 Malaysia.......................................................................................................

34

7.3 Maldives........................................................................................................

41

7.4 Pakistan……………………………………………………………………

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8. RECOMMENDATIONS ...........................................................................................

44

9. CONCLUSION ..........................................................................................................

46

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1. INTRODUCTION
Statistically Bangladesh is still considered to be a low prevalence country in terms of HIV and AIDS. However, there is the risk of epidemic, with increased prevalence of the disease amongst marginalized populations such as sex workers, men who have sex with men (“MSM”) and injecting drug users (“IDU”).

As early as 1985, Bangladesh began the process of setting up a legal framework for dealing with the emerging issue, long before the first known case of HIV positivity in 1989. A National AIDS Policy (“NAP”) was drafted and came into force in 1997. Since then two National Strategy Papers (1997 to 2002 and 2004 to 2010) have been drafted. While the National AIDS Policy and the Strategy Papers reflect the importance given in international instruments to the human rights of persons living with HIV and

AIDS (“PLHA”), and the general provisions relating to

fundamental rights of persons under the Constitution of Bangladesh 1972, it appears that the NAP has been largely ineffective, and its implementation leaves much to be desired. The general consensus amongst self help groups in place for PLHA is that the current legal framework is ineffective to uphold the human rights of PLHA, especially given that certain laws exist in Bangladesh which specifically go against the interests of PLHA, and also given that the authorities who are responsible for upholding the legal provisions are...
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