Hiv Aids

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Table of Contents

Chapter
1. The problem

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Theoretical framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schematic diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Statement of the problem . . . . . . . . . . . .
Significance of the study . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions of terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2. Review of related literature

Related literature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Related studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3. Summary, findings, conclusions and recommendations

Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bibliography

Chapter I
HIV AIDS

INTRODUCTION

The arrival of the AIDS epidemic in the 20th Century, brought with it fear, superstition and prejudice. This disease is not the first one where society has imposed social stigmas, political agendas and outright pandemonium. Misunderstandings of other diseases like the bubonic plague, small pox and the Spanish flu also have caused hysteria among populations around the world, but the main difference between these epidemics and that of AIDS/HIV is that AIDS is a modern epidemic staged in a new world of influential media outlets, politics and new social stigmas (Stank 2) .

In order to combat the societal misunderstandings of AIDS/HIV, one must understand the disease itself. When referring to AIDS/HIV, one is actually talking about two different parts of the same disease. AIDS (Auto Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is the main disease caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (CDC 4). AIDS attacks the immune system of people causing their immune systems to revolt against their bodies killing off their "good" cells. With this self-annihilation comes the opportunity for other infectious diseases to take root in the victim. Some of these other infections include but are not limited to: the flu, tuberculosis, herpes, staph infections, etc...Once the host’s immunological functions cease to exist they die.

Therefore researchers conducted this study because nowadays the number of people getting HIV is increasing. With the intent of the unfolding area of concern, this study may serve as means to help and make other people more aware on how this disease/virus affect ourselves and to our community. The findings of this study were to establish the reason behind why and how this virus increases and some recommendations as to how to prevent and avoid this virus.

Theoretical framework

An article published in The Lancet in 2004, also shows how retroviral transfer from primates to hunters is still occurring even today. In a sample of 1099 individuals in Cameroon, they discovered ten (1%) were infected with SFV (Simian Foamy Virus), an illness which, like SIV, was previously thought only to infect primates. All these infections were believed to have been acquired through the butchering and consumption of monkey and ape meat. Discoveries such as this have led to calls for an outright ban on bush meat hunting to prevent simian viruses being passed to humans. Some other rather controversial theories have contended that HIV was transferred estrogenically (i.e. via medical interventions). One particularly well-publicized idea is that polio vaccines played a role in the transfer. In his book, The River, the journalist Edward Hooper suggests that HIV can be traced to the testing of an oral polio vaccine called Chat, given to about a million people in the Belgian Congo, Ruanda and Ulundi in the late 1950s. To be reproduced, live polio vaccine needs to be cultivated in living tissue, and Hooper's belief is that Chat was grown in kidney cells taken from local chimps infected with SIVcmz. This, he claims, would have resulted in the contamination of the vaccine with chimp SIV, and a large number of people subsequently becoming infected with HIV-1....
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