Treaty of Versailles, signed with Germany in 1919 had one main purpose – to protect the planet from another world war. Germany, the country guilty for the World War One had to accept a number of unfavorable conditions:
1. Enormous reparations (6,6 billion pounds) were implied
2. The army was limited to 100 000 soldiers
3. Tanks, fleet and aircraft were banned
However, the main ideas concerned the foreign policy:
1. Poznan was to e come a Polish province
2. Danzig was announced a free city
3. Alsace and Lorraine were to be returned to France
4. Germany lost all of its colonies
5. The union of Austria and Germany was forbidden
Today historians argue that the treaty was too unfair towards the German nation and lead to revanchism inside the country. Hitler used these moods to come to power in 1933. As a matter of fact, the multiple discriminations towards Germany inside the text of the treaty lead to the rise of the Nazi regime. Was the treaty more adequate and weighed, World War II might never have happened.
As soon as the Nazi party came to power in Germany, it started the course to slowly dismantle the Treaty of Versailles. It is quite interesting to not that Hitler actually never hid his plans for the future – in his book “Mein Kampf” (My struggle) he clearly stated the general ideas Germany would follow in the nearest future. Hitler clearly spoke of the “Jewish dominion” in Europe, advocated against the France and its positions, and predicted alliance with Italy and perhaps England. He clearly intended to change the balance in Europe to the German side, promised to take some of the Polish and Czech lands, as well as regain the colonies. The method for all these changes war rather clear – war.
Starting with 1933, Hitler’s government started gradually and constantly breaking some parts of the peace treaty. The pattern of the international policy is, however, brilliant.... [continues]
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