Compton and Gallaway (1990) defined Social welfare as "an organized set of norms and institutions through which we carry out our collective responsibilities to meet needs." In unison, Zastrow (2000) noted that the goals of social welfare were to "fulfil the financial, health, and recreational requirements of all individuals in a society." This also included the enhancement of social functioning of all age and class groups.
Social work can be considered as an applied science of helping people achieve an effective level of psychosocial functioning. The National Association Of Social Workers (NASW) makes the definition even more precise when they refer to it as a way "to enhance human well being and help meet the basic human needs of all people, with particular attention to the needs and empowerment of people who are vulnerable, oppressed, and living in poverty."
It can therefore be said that social welfare encompassed social work and that they are primarily similar at the level of practice. Skidmore et al (1991, .p. 4) reinforced this key point by noting, "social services came first, and the methods of social work developed out of social welfare."