History Sba

Topics: Caribbean, Sugar, West Indies Federation Pages: 7 (2027 words) Published: November 12, 2011
Name: Shanta RoweRegistration#:School: Glenmuir High SchoolTerritory: JamaicaYear of Examination: 2011| |


The researcher would like to thank the following for helping in the completion of this study: firstly, the researcher’s would like to thank the Almighty Father God for the health and strength and knowledge needed to do this study. Secondly, gratitude is expressed to the researcher’s family for moral support. Also the researcher would like to thank the staff at the Kingston and St. Andrew parish library for provided all the necessary books and last but not least the researcher’s the teacher Mrs. Meikle for giving the researcher all the necessary tips during the process of doing this study. S.Rowe

Title Page

Theme 5: Adjustments to Emancipation 1838 - 1876

Research Question:
What were the challenges faced by the Sugar Industry by the English speaking Caribbean between 1838 and the latter part of the nineteenth century?

Table of Contents

Title Page
Rationale 1 Introduction 2
Labour 3
Capital 4
Technology 5-6
Free Trade 7-8
Conclusion 9
Bibliography 10
Appendix 11


The researcher chose to do this study because of deep curiosity as to what really were the challenges faced by the Sugar Industry in the English speaking Caribbean after emancipation in 1838. The researcher hopes that this study will be beneficial to future individuals who will be doing a similar research topic or those who just want to be further informed about what actally lead to the fall in the Sugar Industry after the blacks finally got emancipation in the English speaking Caribbean.


During the post emancipation years the sugar industry in the English speaking Caribbean flourished but after emancipation in 1838 the sugar industry went into a “great depression”. This was mainly due to four main problems: labour, capital, technology (mechanisation) and free trade. Labour was a problem because of now being emancipated, the free blacks did not want to continue working on the sugar industry, along with this labour problem and other issues the planter did not have a lot of capital. Lack of capital led to under- mechanisation of the sugar plantations. Free trade (Sugar Equalisation Act) in 1846 made the whole situation worse. In this study the data collected will be presented in order of how each problem actually affected the sugar industry.


After emancipation in 1838, the now free blacks no longer felt the need to be on the sugar plantations despite the many attempts of the planters to keep them on the plantations, the majority of them left. This was especially so for the free blacks that was living in the larger English speaking territotiries such as Jamaica. This was because they had several other opportunities to do other occupations that would be more suited for them than to work on the plantation and earn extremely low wages which were made even lower by the passage of the Sugar Equalisation Act in 1846. Some free blacks acquired land on which they did farming to make a living. In the smaller territories such as Barbados where there was little to no land available the free blacks living had very little choice but to go back to the plantation to work. Other than the problem of the shortage of labour, there was also problem with the quality of labour given by the free blacks. Many times on the plantations they would not work as hard as they could or should, they simply did hasty work which was not properly done. Because of this labour problem in the English speaking Caribbean there was a drastic fall in the production of sugar and one of...
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