History: Provinces of the Philippines and Filipinos

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PHILIPPINE GEOGRAPHY

A. Origin of the Philippines
1. Legends
* The story of the bird, the sky, and the sea
2. Theories
i. Part of a lost continent
* It was believed that the Philippines was a remnant of a vast continent in the pacific which had sunk during pre- historic times like the fabled Atlantis lost somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean. * This lost pacific continent was called “Lemuria” or “Mu”. * Its remnants aside from Philippines were Borneo, Celebes, Java, Sumatra, and other islands of the pacific. ii. Volcanic Origin

* It was proposed by Dr. Bailey Willis.
* According to this theory, Philippines was born due to the eruptions of sea volcanoes in remote epochs. iii. Land Bridge Theory
* This theory suggests that Philippines was once a landmass bridging China and the Asian Mainland, to Borneo, Indonesia, New Guinea, and even Australia. The present China Sea was an exposed dry land known as the Sunda Shelf which covered an area of 1, 800, 000 square kilometers. During the post glacial age, about 250, 000 years ago, the world’s ice melted, causing the sea level to rise. Consequently, the lower land regions including the land bridges linking Asia and the Philippines were submerged, thus, Philippines archipelago was formed. * This theory is supplied by the following plausible reasons; a. Similarity of fauna and flora in Asia and the Philippines b. Similarity of rock structure

c. Existence of the shallow China Sea between the Asia Mainland and the Philippines d. The presence of a fore deep at the eastern margin of the Philippines indicating the archipelago was once the edge of the Asia continental Platform B. Archipelago’s Name

1. Filipinas
* The name given to Philippines in 1543 by the ill- starred Spanish explorer, Ruy Lopez de Villalobos, in honor of Prince Felipe of Austria who later became Philip II, the greatest king of Spain. * This name first appeared on a rare map published at Venice in 1554 by Giovanni Battista Ramusio. 2. Philippine Islands

* The anglicized name of Filipinas during the American colonial regime. 3. Republic of the Philippines
* The name given to Philippines after the decolonization in 1946. 4. Ma-yi/ Ma-i
* The name given to Philippines by the early Chinese traders such as Chau Ju Kua and Wang Ta- Yuan. * Same names such as Mintolang for Mindanao, Malilu for Manila, and Pishoye for Visayas were also dubbed to Philippines by the Chinese. * Ma- i is generally accepted to refer to the island of Mindoro in Luzon because of its gold and proximity in the Chinese mainland. 5. Rizaline Republic

* The name proposed by the Katipunan General Artemio Ricarte in honor of Dr. Jose Rizal. 6. Maharlika
* It was proposed by former President Ferdinand Marcos after his dream of making the Philippines great again. 7. Pearl of the Orient Seas
* The most romantic name of the Philippines.
* It was originally given in 1751 by father Juan J. Delgado as a name of Manila (Pearl of the Orient) and was also mentioned by Manuel De Azcarraga y Palmero. * It was also grunted by Dr. Jose P. Rizal in his published article in the Hong Kong Telegraph. Other Names:

Official Name:
Republic of the Philippines

Ophir- Old name - Land that supplies King Solomon with Golds.

Chinese name
Ma-yi - (appeared in Sung Dynasty)
Chin-san - Mountain of Golds
Liu sum - Land adjacent to the mainland (China)
San Tao - Three Island

Spanish
La Agunda dela Buenas Senales - watering place of the good omen Archipelago de San Lazaro - Archipelago of San Lazaro
Islas del Poniente -Western Island ( due to the ancient belief that world is flat ) Islas del Oriente - Eastern Island
Archipelago de Magajaes - Archipelago of Magellan
Archipelago de...
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