The following is an article that seeks to give a historical account of events that have shaped women’s activism in the world. It gives a brief overview of the international women’s movement and names women activists who have shaped history in the fight of women’s rights. Also it draws comparison of the effects of women’s activism in today’s world as compared to the years before the start of liberation of women in our society. Keywords: Activism, Feminism, Movement
‘Women’s movement’ is a term that puts into perspective the fight for women’s rights in both social and political aspects. It is a movement aimed at fighting for women’s empowerment as mothers in social and political arenas. Also it seeks to fight for gender equality between women and men in our society (Antrobus, 2004, p.10). The following excerpt seeks to establish the roots of the feminist movement in America. It draws the objectives of the movement and names historical events that are of significance in the fight of women’s liberation. It outlines the goals, effects and strategies of women’s movement. It names women who have been in the fore front fighting for women’s rights. 1. What started women’s movement?
Before the conference on women held in Beijing, women were treated as subordinates to their male counterparts. Their involvement in politics, issues of national development and policy making was limited. The role of women in the society was to act as mothers and wives they were always to be in subjection to their husbands. The fourth world conference held in Beijing was what saw the start of feminist movement in the world. The middle class women who had just entered the work force are the ones that pioneered the women’s movement. The principal theme of the conference was to parade women’s rights as human’s rights. The participating parties were convinced that women’s empowerment was an integral part in the achievement of gender equality and global development. Members of the conference vouched for gender equality, women’s empowerment and full participation in matters of leadership, national development and policy making (Roces, 2010, p.86). The roots of feminist activism date back to the year 1960 it was characterized by three chronological phases. The first phase was the ‘suffrage movement’ that was meant to fight for women’s rights as voters. It was the more vigorous of the two phases and was more active in the western nations like America compared to the Eastern nations like Asia and china. In Eastern nations the first phase was hindered by European imperialism. This is because civilians both men and women in colonized territories were not entitled to human rights and both sexes were disempowered from formal political practice. The second phase was (the deconstruction of patriarchy in the 1960s) it was facilitated by United Nations protocols like CEDAW. Such protocols rejuvenated women’s movement in the Eastern nations. The third phase started from the mid-1990s up to date. Its objectives are an extension of the fight for women’s rights to education, property ownership and right to vote. They include a study analyzing the effects of gender inequality on women, and the girl child due to masculine partiality in social, family and professional settings. 1. What are the objectives of women movement?
Women’s movements are not structured around clear cut objectives. Some are formed to fight for gender equality. Their main objective is to stand up for the rights of women to vote, and to exercise their political rights by vying for political seats as compared to their male counterparts. The other movements are formed to address to social and cultural and economic issues that affect women. Their main objective is resist women’s oppression when it comes to...