India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park. By 1970, India only had five national parks In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species. As of April 2012, there
were 102 national parks. All national park lands then encompassed a total 39,919 km2 (15,413 sq mi) km², comprising 1.21% of India's total surface area.
Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 : The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected there with or ancillary or incidental thereto. It extends to the whole of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
Project Tiger: It was launched in 1973 in India. The project aims at ensuring a viable population of tigers in their natural habitats and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage for the people. The National Tiger Conservation Authority was established in December 2005 following arecommendation of the Tiger Task Force. constituted by the Prime Minister of India for reorganized management of Project Tiger. There are 42 tiger reserves in India (21-6-2011) which are governed by Project Tiger which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.There were an additional six proposed and four approved in principle reserves that are not yet declared.The government of India has reserved 8 new tiger reserves in India. The new reserves are Kaziranga National Park in Assam, Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary and Udanti & Sitanadi Tiger Reserve in Chhatisgarh, Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary in Karnataka, Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala, Sanjay National Park in Madhya Pradesh, Mudumalai National Park and Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu.
The Wildlife Institute of India (WII)
it is a autonomous institution under the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.WII carries out wildlife...