HISTORY OF TRAINING AND ITS DEVELOPMENT
It has been a way of life that, the trades of adults have been taught to children to prepare them to face the real world. During the course of time people have changed, become more intricate and along with them, the skills applied and the tools used to do the work have also transformed. In a situation to manage these changes in the production, and substance of operation, job training also evolved In olden times, the kind of work that people did was mainly unskilled or did not require expert knowledge. Older and experienced members of the group would usually pass their knowledge on to the young ones through direct instructions. This would usually take place while the job is going on. This was known as on the job training, it’s economical because there is no need for special tool other than what is normally used for the job. Most learning was done through observation. With the beginning of the Industrial Age, the training of the unskilful underwent a drastic change in which professional education and training developed to replace the out-dated system. The early 20th century witnessed the growth of training and development as a vocation, resulting in the establishment of training centres. Important moments in the 1900’s:
1906: The National Society of Industrial Education is formed •
1911: Frederick Taylor publishes “The Principles of Scientific Management” •
1913: The first cars roll off the Ford Motor Company assembly line •
1914-1918: World War I
1916: Henri Fayol declares that the work of mangers is to plan, organize, coordinate, and control
The American Management Association was formed in 1923 •
The National Association of Foremen in 1925.
With the introduction of the assembly line, there was a tremendous increase with the specificity in training in various required skill-set. The vast production needs of the World War I created a heavy inflow of new workers with little or no industrial experience, thereby...
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