General Emilio Aguinaldo (January 23, 1899 – April 1, 1901) To make it easier for you to master, always remember why Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was on the 5-peso bill (which is not used anymore, instead his head-profile is on the 5-peso coin) bearing the Philippine flag at the celebration of the Philippine Independence Day, it’s because he was the first president of the Philippines First Republic (a.k.a. Malolos Republic).
Contributions and Achievements of Emilio Aguinaldo:
* first president
* youngest president – he became the country’s leader at age 28 * longest-lived president – he died when he was 94 (wow!) * one of the active leaders of KKK
* signed the Pact of Biak na Bato
* known as the President of the Revolutionary Government
* he fought against the Spanish and American to retain our independence 2Manuel L. Quezon (November 15, 1935 – August 1, 1944)
Notable facts about Manuel Luis Quezon is that, he is known as the “Father of National Language” (Ama ng Wikang Pambansa) and he died in Saranac Lake, New York due to tuberculosis. I’ve seen his life-sized wax statue inside the Quezon Memorial Circle, it was well crafted. Contributions and Achievements of Manuel L. Quezon:
* first Senate president elected as President of the Philippines * first president elected through a national election
* first president under the Commonwealth
* he created National Council of Education
* he initiated women’s suffrage in the Philippines during the Commonwealth * he made Tagalog / Filipino as the national language of the Philippines * he appears on the twenty-peso bill
* a province, a city, a bridge and a university in Manila were named after him * his body lies within the special monument on Quezon Memorial Circle
3 Jose P. Laurel (October 14, 1943 – August 17, 1945)
Laurel was the third to sit at the office during Japanese occupation of World War II. He was the only Filipino president to have been shot outside of combat. Contributions and Achievements of Jose P. Laurel:
* he was considered as the legitimate president of the Philippines * he organized KALIBAPI (Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas). * he declared Martial Law in 1944
* he and his family developed the establishment of Lyceum of the Philippines
4. Sergio Osmeña (August 1, 1944 – May 28, 1946)
Sergio Osmeña was the second president of the Commonwealth; he succeeded Quezon after his death.
Contributions and Achievements of Sergio Osmena:
* he was 65 when he became president– making him the oldest president to hold office * he was the first Visayan to become president
* he joined US Gen. Douglas McArthur in Leyte on October 20, 1944 starting the freedom of the Philippines from the Japanese during World War II * during his time, the Philippine National Bank has been rehabilitated and the country joined the International Monetary Fund * on his time, the Bell Trade Act was approved by the US Congress * Sergio Osmena appears on the 50 peso bill
5 Manuel Roxas (May 28, 1946 – April 15, 1948)
Roxas was the fifth president of the Philippines overall but he was considered as the third and last president under the Commonwealth and the first of the Third Republic of the Philippines. He only sat in the office for 1 year, 10 months and 18 days.
Contributions and Achievements of Manuel A. Roxas:
* was inaugurated as the new and first president of the new Republic because the Philippines was finally free after the WW II * in his time, the country has started reconstruction from war damage and the Philippines started breathing without foreign rule * under his term, the Philippine Rehabilitation Act and Philippine Trade Act laws were accepted by the congress * he is in the 100 peso bill
6,Elpidio Quirino (April 17, 1948 – December 30, 1953)
He was the vice president at Roxas time. He became president when the latter died in...