Internet history started in 1950s and 1960s with the development of computers. This began with point-to-point communication between mainframe computers and terminals. Packet switched networks included ARPANET, Mark I at NPL in the UK, CYCLADES, Merit Network, Tymnet, and Telenet.
TCP/IP Protocol Suite was standardized in 1982 and Internet was introduced. The Internet was commercialized in 1995 when NSFNET was decommissioned. Since the mid 1990s the Internet has been drastic impact to culture and commerce. Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) was introduced, that allowed calls through Internet with computer.
In 1993 the Internet carried only 1% of the information flowing through two-way telecommunication, by 2000 it had grown to 51% and by 2007 it was 97%.
The internet has precursors from 19th century, especially the telegraph system. The concept of data communication – transmitting data between two different places, connected via some kind of electromagnetic medium, such as radio or an electrical wire – predats the introduction of the first computers.
ARPANET promoted to the head of the information processing office at DARPA, Robert Taylor intended to realize Licklider’s ideas of an interconnected networking system. The first ARPANET link was established between the University of California, Los Angeles and the Stanford Research Institute on 22:30 hours on October 29, 1969.
ARPANET became the technical core of what would become the internet. International collaborations on ARPANET were sparse. For various political reasons, European developers were concerned with developing the X.25 networks. Notable exceptions were the Norweigan Seismic Array in 1972, followed in 1973 by Sweden with satellite links to the Tanum Earth Station and Peter’s Kirstein’s research group in the UK. [continues]
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