History of the Chinese economy
Although this is not a historical essay we simply cannot understand the Chinese evolution without first taking a brief look at their history. Beginning with the fall of the Qing dynasty which lasted from 1644 to 1912, the country soon became embroiled in a civil war headed by warlords that emanated from the Qing dynasty and blighted most of the newly established Republic of China. These civil wars officially lasted until 1928 but some minor warlords still operated trying to gain power of regions well into the 40’s. This may explain why China has suffered in the past with democratically electing leaders. It may have been their culture of having civil wars in establishing dominance in the respective territories. There was also hugely damaging war with Japan (1937-1945). This war ravaged the Chinese economy and reduced its industries operational capacities to about 25%. It also flooded the Chinese economy with cheap American goods and led to a hyperinflation in the economy. Although the scope of this essay does not allow it to delve into much further detail, it can be understood that these conflicts would have a detrimental effects into harmonising the 4 factors of production that drive any economy, land, labour, capital and enterprise, in the future of the Chinese economy . The Mao era (1945-1976)
In what could arguably be called the darkest era of the modern Chinese economy, the Mao leadership lead the Chinese economy to brink of collapse. By introducing a soviet style governance of the land, Mao brought radical reforms such as collectivization. “The great leap forward” is well documented in the history books and will be what Mao is most remembered for. This entailed of agricultural and industrial reforms that brought all economic outputs under control of the state. The respective industries had to meet certain quotas and were not monitored to meet a normal supply and demand that is accustomed to balanced economies. This also...
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