History of the Ashanti Kingdom

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  • Topic: Ashanti Kingdom, War of the Golden Stool, History of Ghana
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  • Published : March 30, 2011
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History of the Ashanti Kingdom
Asante Kings (Asantehene)
Nana Osei Tutu (1680 tp 1717),
Nana Opoku Ware I (1720-1750)
Nana Kusi Obodum (1750-1764)
Nana Osei Kwadwo (1764-1777
Nana Osei Kwame (1777-1798)
Nana Opoku Fofie (1798-1799)
Nana Osei Bonsu (1800-1823)
Nana Osei Yaw Akoto (1824-34)
Nana Kwaku Dua I (1834 - 67)
Nana Kofi Karikari (1867-74)
Nana Mensah Bonsu (1874-1883)
Nana Kwaku Dua II in 1884
Nana Kwaku Duah II alias Nana Agyeman Prempeh I from 1888 to 1931, Nana Osei Tutu Agyeman Prempeh II from 1931 to 1970
Otumfuo Opoku Ware II from 1970-1999. The Asante kingdom was founded by the great King Osei Tutu in the eighteenth century. His fetish priest was Okomfo Anokye, who unified the Asante states through allegiance to the Golden Stool, which miraculously descended from heaven. Okomfo Anokye planted two trees in the forest and predicted that one tree would live and become the capital of Ashanti. Hence is derived the name Kumasi (the tree lived); the place in which the other tree was planted became Kumawu (the tree died).

Although located in the heart of the forest, Asante dominion was extended by military action and political skill towards the European occupied castles on the coast to the south, and also into the dry savannah lands to the north. This led to various wars with Britain. Kumasi was captured by the British Army in 1873 (as a result of which much of the magnificent Asante gold regalia can be seen in Londo n in the British Museum). After a final uprising in 1901, led by the Queen Mother of Ejisu (Yaa Asantewaa) Asante came into British Protection and finally became a region of the Gold Coast colony.

In 1957, after a period of internal self-government, the Gold Coast becam e the first African colony to achieve independence under the charismatic leadership of Kwame Nkrumah. Kumasi
Getting to the end of the 17th century Anokye Komfuo planted three "KUM" trees at different places. One at Kwaaman ruled by the Nananomayokofuo , a...
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