History of the Americas- IA Paper

Topics: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Pearl Harbor Pages: 7 (1922 words) Published: March 31, 2014


“To what extent do historical inaccuracies in the film Pearl Harbor, directed by Michael Bay, affect its reliability for a historian studying the attack by the Japanese on December 7th, 1941?”

Word Count: 1571

IB History of the Americas - HL
Internal Assessment

Emily -------
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
SECTION A: PLAN OF INVESTIGATION3
SECTION B: SUMMARY OF EVIDENCE4-6
SECTION C: EVALUATION OF SOURCES7-8
SECTION D: ANALYSIS9-10
SECTION E: CONCLUSION11
SECTION F: SOURCES12-13

PART A: PLAN OF INVESTIGATION
The question that will be addressed in this investigation is, “To what extent do historical inaccuracies in the film Pearl Harbor, directed by Michael Bay, affect its reliability for a historian studying the attack by the Japanese on December 7th, 1941?” This investigation will be carried out using a combination of Internet and print sources found through the Syracuse University, Jstor research database which will provide historical information on the actual event as well as critiques on the film. Print sources will also be used in this investigation in order to gain knowledge on specific details of the attack to compare to scenes included in the film.

The movie Pearl Harbor was studied and analyzed, in order to find the inaccuracies in the film and assess their impact on the film’s integrity as a whole. Using the sources previously mentioned, in addition to other sources, the content of the movie scenes will be compared and discussed in alignment with the events that occurred in the United States at that time in order to assess the credibility and value of the film for someone interested in studying the attack by the Japanese. Word Count: 191

PART B: SUMMARY OF EVIDENCE
News of the attack:
Movie:
· Shows heroine listening to the attack on the radio. (Pearl Harbor) Reality:
· Planes did not have long-range radios at the time. (Suid)

Location:
Movie:
· Opening scene shows Long Island with hills in the background. (Pearl Harbor) · Scenes show mountains in Florida. (Pearl Harbor)
· When Roosevelt gets news of the attack he is not in the White House. (Pearl Harbor) Reality:
· The backgrounds of some locations shown were incorrect and likely meant to set a dramatic mood when in reality hills and mountains would not be seen in Long Island or Florida. (Suid) · When Roosevelt was given news of the attack he was in his study at the White House. (HISTORY)

Timeline of attacks on ships:
Movie:
· Shows the Arizona being hit by a bomb before the Oklahoma. (Pearl Harbor) Reality:
· The Arizona was hit after the Oklahoma. (Suid)

Appearance of machinery:
Movie:
· Japanese planes were shown in black. (Pearl Harbor) · U.S. planes were shown in green. (Pearl Harbor)
Reality:
· Japanese planes were actually white, green, and red. (World) · U.S. planes during WWII were green. (LIFE)

Reason behind attack:
Movie:
· Vaguely states that the reason behind the attack was due to the U.S. embargoing Japanese oil and in order to stop the embargo the attack was necessary. (Pearl Harbor) Reality:
· U.S. protest of Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 and negotiations were not slowing their success. President Roosevelt chose to embargo Japanese oil and iron which threatened Japanese success. The attack was to be used as a solution to the embargo with the assumption that the U.S. would fall back into negotiations with the Japanese and stop the embargo. (Suid)

Presentation of President Roosevelt
Movie:
·President Roosevelt stands on his own in the film to make the point that nothing is impossible as he is burdened by polio and yet he can still use his upper body strength to get out of his chair. (Pearl...
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