History of State and Federal Prisons
CJS/230 – 09/11/14
History of State and Federal Prisons Page 1
The history of state and federal prisons have similar ideals; the state and federal systems have to
rely on each other at times for housing each others criminals. A state prison is usually run by that
particular states government and they house individuals that have committed crimes against the rules
and sanctions of the each state also known as blue collar criminals; the federal prisons house
individuals that have committed crimes against the rules and sanctions of the federal government and
are called a white collar criminal. State and federal prison systems more or less have the same levels of
security; low, minimum, high, max, and super-max.
Before federal prisons were created prisoners that were on a federal level had to be housed
within state and local prisons. The Federal Bureau of Prisons confines felons convicted of federal
crimes and in several large cities pretrial defendants are held in federal jails pending trial (Foster,
2006). The federal prison system began in the 1930's when President J. Edgar Hoover passed and
signed a bill that gave permission for the federal prison system to have a building or federal facility to
house it's prisoners. The first federal U.S. Penitentiary was created in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas this
prison was constructed out of an old military prison prison (Foster, 2006).
The state prison system was based and founded on the legal reforms of the 18th century “Age of
Enlightenment, (Foster, 2006);” in the 19th century the state prison systems continued to base
themselves around the Auburn...
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