History of Science in the Curriculum

Topics: Science, Education, Curriculum Pages: 16 (1706 words) Published: May 31, 2015
History of
Science in the
Curriculum
Presenter:
Leo Frank T.
Lamban

History of Science
in the Curriculum
A. History of Science
Education Curriculum
B. Reasons for History
C. History of US Science
Curricula

History of Science
Education Curriculum
Science education curriculum
includes textbooks, instructional
materials, and complete instructional
programs designed to help students
master the content and processes of
science.

History of Science
Education Curriculum
Subject during the last half of the
19th century, science education
curriculum reflected the current
understandings of how children
learned; that is, by reading and by
recitation of the facts.

History of Science
Education Curriculum
At the secondary level,
students were to study
chemistry, physics, and
astronomy with a strong
laboratory component.

History of Science
Education Curriculum
However, contemporary
evidence suggests that most
students were taught science by
reading textbooks and reciting
what they had read.

History of Science
Education Curriculum
John Dewey developed new sociological
insights into learning that should be applied
in schooling. Human have the ability to
learn from experience. Human learning as a
natural human learning capacity is the
understanding that learning is the result of
active investigation of learning.

History of Science
Education Curriculum
William Heard Kilpatrick
developed “project method”showed that it was possible to engage students in the crucial
activity of investigation even
within the context of a traditional
school.

History of Science
Education Curriculum
National Education Association’s
Committee of Ten in 1893- first
systematic attempt of formalizing
what should be taught and learned
about science in the elementary and
secondary schools.

History of Science
Education Curriculum
Elementary years- “nature study”
High School- botany, zoology,
chemistry, and physics with the goal of
learning the facts and principles of
those subjects in a laboratory setting.

History of Science
Education Curriculum
World events of the 1930’s
and 1940’s brought new
imperatives for science
education curriculum.

History of Science
Education Curriculum
Efforts to improve
science curriculum were
largely local before World
War II.

History of Science
Education Curriculum
September 1949- first test of the
atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb by
the Soviet Union reinforced the U.S to
prepare students in Mathematics,
Science, Engineering, and Technology
as national priority.

History of Science
Education Curriculum
Jerrold Zacharias- professor of
physics at the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology. He focused
on the apparent lack of preparation
for university level science work.

He created new physics curriculum.
When the new program were
implemented, it became clear that
teachers also needed to learn the new
content and pedagogical skills to
effectively teach in new ways.

History of Science
Education Curriculum
“Kit-based” science curriculum- an
instructional unit including the
materials and apparatus needed for
the opportunity to study science
content in ways consistent with
findings from cognitive sciences.

Barriers to the
implementatio
n of “Kitbased”
curriculum.

Barrie
rs
1. Low levels of
teacher
understanding of
science content.

Barrie
rs
2. State standards
that attempt to
cover too many
topics.

Barrie
rs
3. Too little time
devoted to
authentic science
instruction for
many children.

Reasons for
History
1. History promotes better
comprehension of
scientific concepts and
method.

Reasons for
History
2. Historical approaches
connect the development
of individual thinking with
the development of
scientific ideas.

Reasons for
History
3. History of science is
intrinsically worthwhile.

Reasons for
History
4. History is necessary to...
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