History of Radio

Topics: Radio, Broadcasting, United States Pages: 3 (899 words) Published: January 18, 2009
During the days when radio was developing, there were only a few in control of the airwaves. Throughout history, only a few remained in control thus creating a monopoly which was fostered by the United States government. Early radio broadcasts include Samuel Morse’s first telegraphic line in 1844, Guglielmo Marconi’s experiments on wireless telegraphy, and Lee DeForest’s wireless telephony in1899. All of the aforementioned helped create a type of communication, point to point, which at the time was revolutionary. Point to point communication was useful in ships being able to communicate with those on land. Point to point radio transmissions were eventually replaced by broadcasts of voices and music. A growing medium which at one point allowed radio amateurs to cram the airwavessaw the need for government overseeing and regulation. One of the first signs of the government’s fostering of monopoly is notated in the textbook Media & Culture. “When the United States entered the war in 1917, the navy closed down all amateur radio operations and took control of key radio transmitter to ensure military security. (Campbell, Martin, & Fabos, 2007)” The U.S. wanted to at first create a governmentalsector monopoly on radio. Because this idea was opposed, the government then allowed General Electric (GE) to create a public sector monopoly on radio. GE was allowed to found new companies such as RCA, acquire holdings in a competitorcompany, and acquire radio patents of other U.S. companies. This was allowed because …”it gave the United States almost total control over the emerging mass medium of broadcasting… (Campbell, Martin, & Fabos, Media & Culture an introduction to mass communications, 2007)” “…RCA ensured the global dominance of the Untied States in mass communications. (Campbell, Martin, & Fabos, Media & Culture an introduction to mass communications, 2007) ” The U.S. Department of Commerce allowed official licenses for five commercial radio...
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