As early as 1920, the initial plan for the railway connecting Qinghai Province and Tibet has already been raised. However concerning the technology of China at that time, such Plateau railway could not be realized.
After 1949, the year in which PRC founded, the meaning of constructing this railway become even more critical, considering the political, military and financial aspects.
In 1955, the official plan for the railway was determined; on September 1958, the first phase of Qinghai-Tibet Railway started and at the same time, the on-spot measurement and evaluation for the second phase was on the track as well. However due to the limited founding and the impact of Great Leap Forward, the construction was put to a stop.
In 1970’s, after completing phase one, phase two stuck because of the many obstacles such as Frozen Soil and High Altitude Hypoxia. Then in 1995, with the police of Western Open, the construction was put back on the table again.
In the year of 2001, the Central Government announced that with enough financial and technological support, China had already solved all the problems for building the Plateau railway and the time for the realizing this dream had finally come.
In 2006, the last piece of track was connected into the railway and after one year of testing, On July 8th, 2007 the Qinghai-Tibet Railway was open for commercial operation. In its first year of operation, the railway carries 2.6 million people and 13 million tons of goods.