History of Psychology

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History of Psychology

PSY/310 January 19th, 2013
Philosophy began the contributions to psychology, and can be traced back to the times of the Greeks, middle ages, and the renaissance period. We can see that the link between philosophy and modern psychology became possible in the late 18th and 19th century through the readings we do have today on the history of psychology.

Between the late 18th and 19th century philosophy took a major historical step into psychology. The first important figure was Rene` Descartes, it was Descartes that changed the way people thought about the human mind and body. He created a problem solving method that was based exclusively on clear reasoning. Descartes most important contribution, on the beginning stages of psychology, was his explanation of the reflexes. He believed the body worked like a machine and the mind was the basis for the control of the reflexes in the human body.

Sigmund Freud was another philosopher that historically associated the beginnings of psychology as a formal discipline. Freud branded the idea of psychoanalysis, he described it as the philosophy of life. He argued that philosophy clung to the tradition of methods of creating a misleading impression about the universe without giving much thought to the facts that would determine the most logical big picture. Freud developed the theory known as Oedipus complex, which focuses on emotional and sexual complications between parents and children.

John Locke was another major philosopher in the western tradition that contributed to the formation of psychology as a discipline. Locke concluded that knowledge derived from experience, the philosophy that all concepts originate in experience, that all concepts are about or capable of...
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