The History of the Philippines
The archipelago of the Philippine is made up of over 7,100 islands and lies off the south coast of Taiwan and its Southeastern neighbors, Malaysia and Indonesia (Kittler & Sucher, 2000). The nation is surrounded by the South China Sea on the west and by the Pacific Ocean on the east. The Filipinos are descendants of migrants from Southeast Asia such as Indonesia and Malaysia who came to the islands in successive waves over many centuries and largely displaced the aboriginal inhabitants, the Aetas, who were Negritos with small stature and dark skin (Kittler & Sucher, 2000). The country is composed of three major regions: foremost on the north is the main island of Luzon, where Manila is. In the center is the Visayas which includes the island of Cebu was the landing spot for Ferdinand Magellan during his exploratory voyage around the world. On the far south is the large island of Mindanao. Tagalog forms the basis of Filipino language, which over the last decades has made true progress in becoming the national language although there are over a hundred over different dialects spoken in this archipelago. The increasing involvement of the Philippines in the international trading roused with China, Southeast Asia, and India extends from the period during the fifteenth century was made possible by the introduction of Islam (Kittler & Sucher, 2000). Islam was introduced through the trade routes, and in the Philippines its first foothold was in the Sulu island chain and Mindanao (Naudea, 2008). Christianity came to the Philippines as the religion of the conqueror. Although Spain came to rule in the prospect of looking for wealth, religion also played an important role of during Spanish colonization. In fact, the importance of religion during the Philippine colonial experience shaped the nation’s culture and political life (Rodell, 2008). The Philippine is perceived as a Christian country because of the three centuries of Spanish colonization. Although the Philippines is occupied overwhelmingly by Roman Catholic, the nation’s religion diversities also include two other major indigenous Christian churches (Protestant and Mormon) and the Muslim population of the southern islands (Rodell, 2008). The Philippines history may be said to have begun with Spanish colonization during the year of 1521 to 1896. The main goals for the colonization were to gain profits and spread the religion, Christianity (Rodell, 2002). The first Spaniard arrived in 1521, Ferdinand Magellan, who came to the Philippines as part of his attempt to circumnavigate the globe for Spain. But not long after his arrival, the expedition ended on the small island of Mactan near Cebu where Magellan got involved with the local rulers and was killed in battle. A few decades after Magellan’s death, Spanish conquerors returned in force to the Philippines in another expedition under the command of Miguel López de Legazpi in 1565 (Rodell, 2002). After establishing themselves on Cebu Island, Legazpi learned about an important trading point called Manila on the island of Luzon. By 1571, Manila was in the hand of Spain (Nadeau, 2008). Legazpi built government buildings, churches, monasteries, and houses. Spanish leadership was soon established over many small independent communities that previously had known no central rule. However, throughout the next three centuries the new rulers had to deal with uprising from the native populations that were increasing in frequency and getting larger in scale. War commenced between Spain and the United States in 1898. Commerce operations were targeted against the Spanish fleet. The Philippines was soon caught in the middle of the Spanish-American War. Commodore George Dewey and his crew entered Manila Bay and instantly destroyed the defending Spanish fleet. The provisional president of the Filipino Revolutionary Congress, Emilio Aguinaldo, and Commodore Dewey...
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