History of Pakistan

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My History Notes Harris Masood
Don’t Dare Touch! O Levelz O2

LECTURE 1- IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN.

LECTURE 2- IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN IN THE LIGHT OF STATEMENTS OF QUAID-I-AZAM AND ALLAMA IQBAL

LECTURE 3- THE ALIGARH MOVEMENT

LECTURE 4- SIR SYED AHMAD KHAN AND HIS CONTRIBUTIONS .

LECTURE 5- MAJOR POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS 1857-1918

LECTURE 6- THE KHILAFAT MOVEMENT

LECTURE 7- MUSLIM POLITICS IN BRITISH INDIA: 1924-1935

LECTURE 8- ALLAMA IQBAL’S PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS DECEMBER 1930

LECTURE 9- MUSLIM POLITICS AND CHAUDHRY RAHMAT ALI

LECTURE 10- THE CONGRESS MINISTRIES-- POLICIES TOWARDS MUSLIMS

LECTURE 11- THE LAHORE RESOLUTION, 1940.

LECTURE 12- MAJOR POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN 1945-46

LECTURE 13- TOWARDS INDEPENDENCE, 1947

LECTURE 14- CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN BRITISH INDIA

LECTURE 15- THE PROBLEMS OF THE NEW STATE

LECTURE 16- THE OBJECTIVES RESOLUTION (1949)

LECTURE 17- CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES

LECTURE 18- CONSTITUTION MAKING (1947-56)

Lecture 1 - Ideology of Pakistan

Ideology of Pakistan

Ideology is a set of beliefs, values and ideals of a group and a nation. It is deeply ingrained in the social consciousness of the people. It is a set of principles, a framework of action and guidance system that gives order and meaning to life and human action.

Ideology emphasizes on some particular principles, ideals and blueprint for the future. It is a review of the existing political, social and economic arrangements that create consciousness based on its principles. It legitimizes or delegitimizes certain actions and philosophies. Ideology gives nation a direction and worldview and its implementation is the responsibility of the concerned people.

Ideology of Pakistan

The ideology of Pakistan took shape through an evolutionary process. Historical experience provided the base; Allama Iqbal gave it a philosophical explanation; Quaid-i-Azam translated it into a political reality; and the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, by passing Objectives Resolution in March 1949, gave it legal sanction. It was due to the realization of the Muslims of South Asia that they are different from the Hindus that they demanded separate electorates. However when they realized that their future in a ‘Democratic India’ dominated by Hindu majority was not safe, they changed their demand to a separate state.

The ideology of Pakistan stemmed from the instinct of the Muslim community of South Asia to maintain their individuality in the Hindu society. The Muslims believed that Islam and Hinduism are not only two religions, but are two social orders that produced two distinct cultures. There is no compatibility between the two. A deep study of the history of this land proves that the differences between Hindus and Muslims are not confined to the struggle for political supremacy but are also manifested in the clash of two social orders. Despite living together for more than one thousand years, they continue to develop different cultures and traditions. Their eating habits, music, architecture and script, all are poles apart.

The basis of the Muslim nationhood was neither territorial nor racial or linguistic or ethnic rather they were a nation because they belonged to the same faith, Islam. They demanded that the areas where they were in majority should be constituted into a sovereign state, wherein they could order their lives in accordance with the teachings of Holy Quran and Sunnah of Holy Prophet (PBUH).

Evolution of ‘Two Nation Theory’

Concept of Muslims as a Nation developed before the establishment of Pakistan. Pakistan was the product of this concept of nationhood rather than Pakistan creating a concept of nationhood. Retrospectively the Muslim nationalism emerged with the advent of Islam that introduced new principles pertinent to every sphere of life. It pledged the redemption of the humankind establishing a benign...
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