•FIVE THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY
Paco, is a district of Manila, Philippines. It is located south of Pasig River, and San Miguel, west of Santa Ana, southwest of Pandacan, north of Malate, northwest of San Andres, and east of Ermita. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 64,184 people in 13,438 households. Paco was formerly known as Dilao, not because of plants that produce amarillo (yellow) color but yellow gold that japanesse soldiers hid in one of the tunnel , were once plentiful on this district. Dilao or dilaw is a Tagalog word for the color yellow. Although, some sources say, it was named Dilao or "Yellow Plaza" by the Spanish settlers because of the Japanese migrants who lived there, describing their physiognomy. Spanish Franciscan missionaries founded the town of Paco as early as 1580. The name Dilao was used until 1791. The name San Fernando was added, making it San Fernando de Dilao. In the 19th century, the town of San Fernando de Dilao was given the nickname of Paco (which means Francisco). Paco, along with Sampaloc, Santa Ana, San Juan del Monte, and San Pedro de Macati became the second largest districts that became part of Manila. It became to known as Paco de Dilao and eventually as Paco as it known today. The land area is 300,000 km2 and the latitude/ longtitude is 14.5808 degree/120.9997 degree. The township is big and urbanized. Bo. Sta. Maria Paco,Manila is my hometown. Sta. Maria facing the national road, is the boundary of Paco and Sta. Ana. Behind or at the back part of the village is the boundary of Paco and Pandacan. PLACE
Based on my surveys & interviews, Barrio Sta. Maria is a village with small houses, muddy roads & narrow streets & lanes. The famous landmarks are La Concordia College and Sta. Maria Chapel. Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepcion de la Concordia, known as Concordia College, was founded by a generous and a wealthy matron, Doña Margarita Roxas de Ayala. Gifted with a vision to provide a Catholic education for the poor and deserving young girls, she converted her three-and-a-half-hectare villa, the La Concordia Estate in Paco, Manila, into a school.
With the Daughters of Charity at the helm, Concordia College continue to prosper with an upward enrollment toward the end of the nineteenth century. Among its well known students were Saturnina, Soledad, and Olympia sisters of our National Hero, Jose Rizal and his two loves- Segunda Katigbak and Leonor Rivera- the letter immortalized in his novelas as Maria Clara. On May 3, 1868 the first eight Sisters arrived and managed the operation of the school; the school was a free school. Escuela Pia. With a small enrollment of sixty students, the curriculum emphasized religion, good manners, reading and writing, simple arithmetic, culture and arts like sewing, embroidery, cooking, needlecraft and household work. The medium of instructor was Spanish.
During the Japanese Occupation the Japanese occupied one half of the school building and made it a storage of war ammunitions, so that in February 1945 Concordia was the target of bombings that resulted into the demolition of the entire building causing many casualties among hundreds of inmates, including the death of several Sisters. After the Liberation, on May 15, 1945, the Jesuits of La Ignaciana and the Philippine Civilian Affairs Unit lead by Capt. Charles Osborne helped Concordia rise from its ruins.
On. September 23, 1998, Concordia College had the privilege and distinction of having been awarded a Centennial Marker by the National Historical Institute to underscore the significant connection of our great national hero, Dr. Jose P. Rizal with Concordia College, the “illustrious cradle of formation” of his three sisters, Olympia, Saturnina, and Soledad, and two of his women friends, Segunda Katigbak and Leonor...