History of Olympics

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Games of the II Olympiad|
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Host city| Paris, France|
Nations participating| 24|
Athletes participating| 997 (975 men, 22 women)[1]|
Events| 95 in 19 sports|
Opening ceremony| May 14|
Closing ceremony| October 28|
Stadium| Vélodrome de Vincennes|
The 1900 Summer Olympics, today officially known as the Games of the II Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1900 in Paris, France. No opening or closing ceremonies were held; competitions began on May 14 and ended on October 28. The Games were held as part of the 1900 World's Fair. One thousand competitors took part in 19 different sports. Women took part in the games for the first time and sailor Hélène de Pourtalès became the first female Olympic champion. The decision to hold competitions on a Sunday brought protests from many American athletes, who travelled as representatives of their colleges and were expected to withdraw rather than compete on their religious day of rest. At the Sorbonne conference of 1895, Pierre de Coubertin proposed that the Olympic Games should take place in 1900 in Paris. The delegates to the conference were unwilling to wait five years and lobbied to hold the first games in 1896. A decision was made to hold the first Olympic Games in 1896 in Athens and that Paris would host the second celebration. Most of the winners in 1900 did not receive medals, but were given cups or trophies. Professionals competed in fencing and Albert Robert Ayat (France), who won the épée for amateurs and masters, was awarded a prize of 3000 francs. Some unusual events were contested for the only time in the history of the Games including automobile and motorcycle racing,[2] ballooning,[3] cricket,[4] croquet,[5] Basque pelota,[6] 200m swimming obstacle race

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Games of the III Olympiad|
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Host city| St. Louis, Missouri, United States|
Nations participating| 12|
Athletes participating| 651 (645 men, 6 women)[1]|
Events| 91 in 17 sports|
Opening ceremony| July 1|
Closing ceremony| November 23|
Officially opened by| David Francis|
Stadium| Francis Field|
The 1904 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the III Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in St. Louis, Missouri, in the United States from August 29 until September 3, 1904, as part of an extended sports program lasting from July 1 to November 23, 1904, at what is now known as Francis Field on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis.[2] Contents [hide]  * 1 Background * 2 The Games * 2.1 Highlights * 2.1.1 Marathon * 2.2 Sports * 3 Venues * 4 Participating nations * 4.1 Disputed * 5 Medal count * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links| [edit] Background

The city of Chicago, Illinois, had won the original bid to host the 1904 Summer Olympics, but the organizers of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis would not accept another international event in the same time frame. The exposition organization began to plan for its own sports activities, informing the Chicago OCOG that its own international sports events intended to eclipse the Olympic Games unless they were moved to St. Louis. Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic movement, gave in and awarded the games to St. Louis. [edit] The Games

St. Louis organizers repeated the mistakes made at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris. Competitions were reduced to a side-show of the World's Fair and were lost in the chaos of other, more popular cultural exhibits. David R. Francis, the President of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, declined to invite anybody else to open the Games and, on July...
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