History of Modern Dance

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Муниципальное Автономное Общеобразовательное учреждение. “Лицей № 2”
г. Пермь

Dance code
Or
The history of Modern Dance
(Реферат)

Выполнила ученица 11 ГЯК класса
Гофман Ксения
Руководитель Кабанова О. Н.

Пермь 2011

Contents

Оглавление
Introduction3
Short history of Dance4
Ballet in France: 16th - 17th century AD6
18th and 19th centuries: from court dancing to Romanticism8
Early 20th century: from ballet to contemporary dance10
The Beginnings of Modern Dance11
Early Dancers in the United States11
German Contributions12
The Second Generation in America14
Later Dancers16
The Combining of Forms18
Conclusion19
Bibliography20

Introduction

Esthetic questions of choreography in our special literature still represent a little studied area. It is because of an old tradition the choreographic art unfairly is considered narrow, especially specific, separated from a wide range of the world outlook problems facing our esthetic science. Meanwhile, rich and diverse practice of ballet art, don't drop out it of sphere of our esthetics, could have for it great value. Our ballet art is connected with innovative searches of art development of an objective reality, its essential problems enter into the general channel of problems of an esthetics. Being art originally international, dance pereno-sitsja from the country in the country, constantly being enriched and developing. The best products of classics of a choreography of Dobervalja, Perro, Petipa, Ivanov, Fokina continue to live, for many decades, and sometimes and for the whole century, enduring the ingenious founders. The Russian choreographic art, addressing to tops of choreographic thought of the past, selects for itself all not coming, capable to development, to perfection of art possibilities of dancing language. Today our ballet art, more than ever, endures the rapid growth period, safely updates the figurative poetics, the is figurative-emotional maintenance organically capable to tantsevalno-plastic expression of progressive ideas of the present.

Short history of Dance
Dance does not often leave behind clearly identifiable physical artifacts that last over millennia, such as stone tools, hunting implements or cave paintings. It is not possible to say when dance became part of human culture. Dance has certainly been an important part of ceremony, rituals, celebrations and entertainment since before the birth of the earliest human civilizations. Archaeology delivers traces of dance from prehistoric times such as the 9,000 year old Bhimbetka rock shelters paintings in India and Egyptian tomb paintings depicting dancing figures from circa 3300 BC. One of the earliest structured uses of dances may have been in the performance and in the telling of myths. It was also sometimes used to show feelings for one of the opposite gender. It is also linked to the origin of "love making." Before the production of written languages, dance was one of the methods of passing these stories down from generation to generation. Another early use of dance may have been as a precursor to ecstatic trance states in healing rituals. Dance is still used for this purpose by many cultures from the Brazilian rainforest to the Kalahari Desert. Sri Lankan dances goes back to the mythological times of aboriginal yingyang twins and "yakkas" (devils). According to a Sinhalese legend, Kandyan dances originate, 2500 years ago, from a magic ritual that broke the spell on a bewitched king. Many contemporary dance forms can be traced back to historical, traditional, ceremonial, and ethnic dances.An early manuscript describing dance is the Natya Shastra on which is based on the modern interpretation of classical Indian dance (e.g. Bharathanatyam).

The ancient chronicle, the Sinhalese (Sri Lankans), the Mahavamsa states that when King Vijaya landed in Sri Lanka in 543 BC he heard sounds of music and dancing from a wedding ceremony. Origins of the...
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