History of Modern Architecture

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Up to this point my understanding for the history of modern architecture has increased greatly. This paper has given me the chance to compare and contrast different architects and their buildings that have been so much a part of the history of modern architecture. I will be comparing the Crane Memorial Library, by Henry Hobbs Richardson to the Boston Public Library, by McKim, Mead and White. The next set of architect’s buildings I will be analyzing is Richard Morris Hunt’s, The Breakers, and Richard M. Upjohn’s Connecticut State Capital. After that I will discuss the similarities and differences of Frank Lloyd Wrights Robie House and the Maison Horta, by Victor Horta. Lastly, I will be discussing the works of two renowned architects from the Chicago School, Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Alder. I am comparing a work by Henry Hobbs Richardson with one by Mckim, Mead and White. The work by Richardson that I have chosen is his Crane Memorial Library located in Quincy. This was built in the years 1880-1883. The work by McKim, Mead, and White that I have chosen is the Boston Public Library. This building is in Boston, and was constructed in the years 1887-1895. The main reason why I thought comparing these two works was a good idea is that they are both libraries. The first thing that stands out in their differences is the size of these buildings. The Boston Public Library is huge and considered the first large metropolitan library in the world. Both of these libraries have tall windows for their respective reading rooms. My preference is to read with natural light from outdoors rather than lamp lighting. So I can understand why libraries would include larger windows where the people would be doing most of their reading. One thing I noticed to be more apparent in the Boston Public library was the use of arches. The whole reading room is one colossal coffered barrel vault with arched tall windows surrounding the room filling it with light. There is an arched lobby that...
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