History of Manipur
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The documented history of Manipur begins with the reign of King Pakhangba (r. 33–154 AD), who unified the seven clans of Manipuri society. Introduction of the Vaishnavism school of Hinduismbrought about significant changes in the history of the state. Manipur's early history is set forth in the Cheitharon Kumpapa, a chronicle of royal events which claims to record events from the founding of the ruling dynasty in 33–AD. Since ancient times, the Meitei people and Meitei-Pangals (Muslims) have lived in the valleys of Manipur alongside the Nagas and Kukis in the hills. Manipur became a princely state under British rule in 1891; the last of the independent states to be incorporated into British India. During the Second World War, Manipur was the scene of many fierce battles between Japanese and Allied forces. The Japanese were beaten back before they could enter Imphal, which proved to be one of the turning points of the War. After the war, the Manipur Constitution Act, 1947, established a democratic form of government with the Maharaja as the Executive Head and an elected legislature. In 1949, King Prabodhchandra was summoned to Shillong, capital of the Indian province of Meghalaya where after much persuasion he signed a Treaty of Accession merging the kingdom into India. Thereafter the legislative assembly was dissolved and Manipur became part of the Republic of India in October, 1949. It was made a union territory in 1956 and a fully-fledged state in 1972. Contents [hide] * 1 Nomenclature * 2 Prehistoric Manipur * 2.1 Prehistory of Kangleipak or Manipur * 2.1.1 Old Stone Age * 2.1.2 New Stone Age * 2.2 Early rulers * 3 Ancient Manipur * 4 Medieval Manipur * 5 Vaishnavism Era * 5.1 Conversion to Vaishnavism * 5.2 Meetei Puya Meithaba (Burning of the Meetei Puyas) * 5.3 Sanskritisation * 5.4 Origin of the Meetei or Manipuri Classical Dance, Rasa lila * 6 Anglo-Burmese Events * 6.1 Chahi Taret Khuntakpa, the Seven Years Devastation (1819–26) * 6.2 Meitrabak Princes in Cachar * 7 British Rule * 8 Merger with India * 9 References * 10 Sources * 11 External links| -------------------------------------------------
Manipur had been known throughout the ages as Meitrabak, Kangleipak or Meiteileipak as well as by more than twenty other names. Sanamahi Laikan wrote that Manipur's new nomenclature was adopted in the eighteenth century during the reign of Meidingu Pamheiba. According to Sakok Lamlen, the area had different names according to the era. During the Hayachak period it was known asMayai Koiren poirei namthak saronpung or Tilli Koktong Ahanba, then in the Khunungchak period as Meera Pongthoklam. Thereafter during the Langbachak era, it became Tilli Koktong Leikoiren and finally Muwapalli in the Konnachak epoch. During the latter part of its history, Manipur and its people were known by different names to their neighbours. The Shans or Pongs called the area Cassay, the Burmese Kathe, and the Assamese Meklee. In the first treaty between the British East India Company and Meidingu Chingthangkhomba (Bhagyachandra) signed in 1762, the kingdom was recorded as Meckley. Bhagyachandra and his successors issued coins engraved with the title of Manipureshwar, or lord of Manipur and the name Meckley was discarded. Later on, the Sanskritisationwork, Dharani Samhita (1825–34) popularized the legends of the derivation of Manipur's name. -------------------------------------------------
Prehistory of Kangleipak or Manipur
Manipur is situated on the tertiary ranges of a branch of the eastern Himalayas running south and forms part of the compact physiographic unit following the great divide between the Brahmaputra andChindwin valleys. North east India holds the key to the understanding the...