History of Malaysia

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In 1961, Tunku Abdul Rahman propsed the creation of Malaysia and this proposal led to the formation of Malaysia. Trace events that led Singapore joining Malaysia and the reasons for its eventual exit from Malaysia in 1965.


In the year 1887, Lord Brassey, director of North Borneo Company suggested that the Malayan states and Singapore be joined with Sarawak and Sabah. The purpose of this joint was to look after the British administration and economy. This suggestion was brought up in the British cabinet in the year 1888 and once again in 1932. However, no decision was made. Frank Swettenham did suggest this before the Second World War. The suggestion did not get any response from the locals. During that period, the British had never shown any interest in advancing the administration of the joint states to the direction of independence.

Malcom MacDonald, the British High Commissioner in Southeast Asia after the Second World War again suggest the joining of Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak and Sabah. He tried to equalize the administration of the states so that the political opportunity was more compact but once again it did not take off. Then in 1955, David Marshall, Head Minister of Singapore and Lim Yew Hock suggested once again the joining of these states. However this time Tunku Abdul Rahman declined because he felt it would cause unequal number of citizens. Then in 1959 Lee Kuan Yew pushed the British to discuss the matter with Tunku Abdul Rahman, Finally in 1961, Tunku Abdul Rahman announced his suggestion to combine the states including Brunei. His reasoning was that it would help ascertain political stability as well as social needs and economical balance. He also felt that in order for this to happen, co-operation between the British and the citizens was required.


Among the factors to cause the formation of Malaysia was politics. A...
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