History of Machu Picchu

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  • Topic: Angkor Wat, Machu Picchu, Inca Empire
  • Pages : 3 (691 words )
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  • Published : December 9, 2012
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Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is located 7000 feet above sea level Northwest of Cusco on the crest of the mountain Machu Picchu. It was built sometime between 1460 and 1470 AD. 
Located on a mountain side Physical Features:
There you can see the terraces they would use for terrace farming that they carved in to the mountain side. You can see the temples they used to worship their gods. And you can see many other structures they built with such precise measurements they are still standing today 

Temple of the Three Widows

It is believed that the Inca emperor Pachacuti is responsible of the building of Machu Picchu, he wanted to build it to celebrate the defeat of another ethnical group called the Chancas. People believe that the purpose of Machu Picchu was a retreat for the emperor.

Brief History:
Machu Picchu was most likely built around 1460/1470 as a royal estate or a religious retreat for emperor Pachacuti. Though, there are different beliefs about what Machu Picchu was actually use for because of its location and the small numbers of houses and temples located there. According to found mummies there was believed to be about 1000 people living in the city. And of those 1000 people 80% were women with strong support of an “Aqllawasi”(house of chosen women). The site was deemed the “Lost City” after being hidden until 1911 when Hiram Bingham discovered it while exploring the land.

Machu Picchu is currently being used as a tourist location, and is mostly in ruins. Because of this government had limited the number of people that can visit it to 2500 people a day. 

Tourist visiting Machu Picchu Golden Pavilion in Kyoto Japan

The Golden Pavilion is located in Kyoto, Japan off the Mirror Pond and was built in 1397....
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