History of Florence

Topics: Dante Alighieri, Guelphs and Ghibellines, Battle of Montaperti Pages: 3 (891 words) Published: March 11, 2013
The End of Peace

In the words of Dante, “Conveniasi a qvella pietra scema che gvarda il ponte che fiorenza fesse vittima nella sva pace postrema.” Peace has ended in Florence. It was a cold February day in 1216 when Buondelmonte de’ Buondelmonti was viciously murdered by Schiatta Uberti and Oddo Arrighi. This resulted a feud that would continue on between the families until well into the fourteenth century. This feud would change Florence completely and it would never return to what it once was.

The Buondelmonti family were not always powerful in Florence. According to Dante in his work The Divine Comedy, III. Paradiso he writes, “The majority of the Buondelmonti family migrated to Florence in 1135 due to the destruction of their castle of Montebuono in the Valdigreve which was close to Florence.” (Dante 283). Ironically it was actually the Florentines that destroyed the Buondelmonti castle which in turn resulted in them moving to Florence and slowly gaining power.

The events leading up to the start of the feud were rather ridiculous. It is rumored to all have started over an argument at a banquet between a member of the Buondelmonti family and a member of the Uberti family. This argument escalated to a more dangerous level, which raised tensions between the two families. As a sign of good faith the Buondelmonti family promised one of their own, Buondelmonte de’ Buondelmonti to a lady of the Amidei family because they were a close ally to the Uberti family. All seemed to be going well until on the day of the wedding Buondelmonte de’ Buondelmonti ran off and married a lady of the Donati family, the daughter of Gualdrada Donati. (Ruud 4). Thus infuriating both the Uberti family as well as the Amidei family. This led to the murder of Buondelmonte de’ Buondelmonti.

The escalation of hostility between the Guelphs and Ghibellines, the Guelphs supporting the Pope and the Ghibellines supporting the Emperor. The Buondelmonti family and their...
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