History of English Language

Topics: Indo-European languages, Germanic languages, German language Pages: 2 (579 words) Published: March 14, 2013
Федеральное агентство по образованию Пензенский Государственный Педагогический Университет им. В.Г.Белинского

Факультет Иностранных Языков

Контрольная работа
По истории языка

Выполнил: студент ФИЯ группа ЗА-3 Кармышев Алексей Олегович Проверил:

Пенза, 2013

1. Read and translate the following text.
A knight ther was, and that a worthy man,
That fro the tyme that he first bigan
To riden out, he loved chivalrie,
Trouthe and honour, fredom and curteisie.
Ful worthy was he in his lordes werre,
And therto hadde he riden, no man ferre

То был рыцарь, достойный человек, Который с тех пор, как впервые начал Выезжать, полюбил рыцарство,
Правду и честь, свободу и куртуазность. Достойным он был в войнах своего сюзерена, И так он ездил (никто дальше не ездил)

1. Write out of the text all strong verbs and show the development of their main forms from OE up to now. Bigan (beginnan(OE) – beginnen(ME) – begin(MnE)) Ryden (rīdan(OE) – riden(ME) – ride(MnE))

2. Define the declension and case of the noun “lord”. Lordes – singular form, Possessive case

3. Explain why the modern noun “man” form plural by changing the root vowel. What other similar cases do you know? To really answer this question, we have to go back to the earliest origins of these words. "Man" existed in primitive Germanic from the beginning . So this word was affected by German umlaut. umlaut (from German um- "around"/"the other way" + Laut "sound") is a process whereby a vowel is pronounced more like a following vowel or semivowel. The term umlaut was originally coined and is used principally in connection with the study of the Germanic languages. The Umlaut indicates a change in the sound. In the case of “a” it indicated a change to “e”. Note that, strictly speaking, Umlaut refers to the change in the sound, not to the dots written over the vowels. Incidentally, there are traces of the same process in...
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