History of Drugs Used to Treat Hiv/Aids

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  • Topic: Antiretroviral drug, HIV, AIDS
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  • Published : October 20, 2012
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History of Drugs1

History of Drugs Used To Treat HIV/AIDS
Nicholas Street
Paula Whitehead
NUR 117 Pharmacology
August 30, 2012

History of Drugs2
History of Drugs Used To Treat HIV/AIDS
Out of the two main theories behind the origin of HIV/AIDS, the “cut hunter” or “Bushmeat” theory, in which a hunter in Africa, with an open wound, came in contact with an infected chimpanzee while cutting him up for dinner is the most widely excepted. The other, less academically accepted theory, is that AIDS arose from a polio vaccine made with contaminated chimpanzee cells and administered to the gay community in New York city and small African villages. It may never be known what the true cause might have been. At this point there is no vaccine, only certain drugs to help diminish the effects. All we can do as a society is try and combat the epidemic the best way possible through education, but most importantly, with medication. According to the World Health Organization there are a total of 34.0 million people living with HIV. Among those living with HIV, 30.1 million are adults, 16.8 million are women, and 3.4 million are children under the age of 15 (World Health Organization, 2011). Numbers also show that nearly 2.7 million people were newly infected with HIV in 2011, and a total of 1.8 million deaths in that same year (World Health Organization, 2011). The reality is although these numbers are decreasing year after year, we must find a cure. Varieties of newer medications are giving hope for eradication or inhibition of the activity of the HIV virus. There are currently five classes of antiretroviral medications: nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, protease inhibitors, fusion inhibitors, and Integrase inhibitors. There have not always been so many medications to treat HIV, in fact, in the very beginning there was only one. In 1987 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI's) were approved for...
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