History of Crime Scene Investigations over Periods of Time

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Introduction to Sociology
Test 1

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1)Because of her outstanding and effective efforts at social reform as demonstrated in her work as co-founder of Hull House, ________ was a co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.

A)Jane Addams
B)Alice Hamilton
C)Elsie Clews Parsons
D)Charlotte Perkins Gilman

2)Of the following influences, the one that C. Wright Mills most attributed to being the one that sociologists would use to explain individual behavior is ________.

A)external influences
B)instinct
C)common sense
D)inherited abilities

3)Functionalists generally agree that the family, as it exists today ________.

A)is dysfunctional
B)is almost entirely self sufficient
C)is an obsolete institution
D)has lost many of its traditional functions

4)Max Weber termed the readiness to invest capital in order to make more money the ________.

A)spirit of capitalism
B)Protestant ethic
C)the spirit of verstehen
D)entrepreneurial ethic

5)The book published by W.E.B. DuBois in 1899 that analyzed how African Americans in a major United States city coped with racism was ________.

A)White Over Black
B)The Philadelphia Negro
C)The Souls of Black Folk
D)The Crisis

6)When Harry returned from a business meeting in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, his wife asked him what he thought of the Vietnamese people. Harry replied, "they're primitive people who eat roast dog, drive wildly around town on motor scooters, and talk very fast." Harry's reply best qualifies as an example of ________.

A)the self-fulfilling prophecy
B)cultural diffusion
C)the relativist fallacy
D)ethnocentrism

7)From a sociological perspective, which statement best classifies 19th century Mormons and 21st century physicians?

A)Both would be classified as subcultures.
B)The Mormons would be classified a counterculture and the physicians a subculture. C)The Mormons would be classified a subculture and the physicians a counterculture. D)Both would be classified as counter cultures.

8)When social values contradict one another, such contradictions can serve as a source of ________. A)social solidarity
B)social change
C)social integration
D)social consensus

9)To fully understand the Islamic practice of polygyny (men having multiple wives), it is necessary to use the perspective of ________.

A)cultural relativism
B)specificity
C)ethnocentrism
D)cultural universals

10)Although formal education is intended to transmit knowledge and skills, it unintentionally teaches students that the same rules apply to everyone. This universality reflects what sociologists describe as ________.

A)a latent function
B)a pattern variable
C)a signaling system
D)a manifest function

11)Society's labeling of stages in life such as "childhood" and "old age" is primarily the result of ________.

A)an individual's status
B)the chronological age of the individual
C)social definitions
D)the physical appearance of the individual

12)George Herbert Mead theorized that learning to take the role of the other entails three stages which are the ________, ________, and ________ stages.

A)imitation; play; games
B)primary; secondary; tertiary
C)sensorimotor; preoperational; operational
D)id; ego; superego

13)The process of learning new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors is called ________.

A)socialization
B)anticipatory socialization
C)the "looking-glass self"
D)resocialization

14)A category of people who have comparable levels of income and education and who work at jobs that are roughly comparable in prestige constitutes a ________.

A)social category
B)social class
C)social role
D)social status

15)The differences in behaviors and attitudes experienced by different categories of...
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