MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1)Because of her outstanding and effective efforts at social reform as demonstrated in her work as co-founder of Hull House, ________ was a co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.
C)Elsie Clews Parsons
D)Charlotte Perkins Gilman
2)Of the following influences, the one that C. Wright Mills most attributed to being the one that sociologists would use to explain individual behavior is ________.
3)Functionalists generally agree that the family, as it exists today ________.
B)is almost entirely self sufficient
C)is an obsolete institution
D)has lost many of its traditional functions
4)Max Weber termed the readiness to invest capital in order to make more money the ________.
A)spirit of capitalism
C)the spirit of verstehen
5)The book published by W.E.B. DuBois in 1899 that analyzed how African Americans in a major United States city coped with racism was ________.
A)White Over Black
B)The Philadelphia Negro
C)The Souls of Black Folk
6)When Harry returned from a business meeting in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, his wife asked him what he thought of the Vietnamese people. Harry replied, "they're primitive people who eat roast dog, drive wildly around town on motor scooters, and talk very fast." Harry's reply best qualifies as an example of ________.
A)the self-fulfilling prophecy
C)the relativist fallacy
7)From a sociological perspective, which statement best classifies 19th century Mormons and 21st century physicians?
A)Both would be classified as subcultures.
B)The Mormons would be classified a counterculture and the physicians a subculture. C)The Mormons would be classified a subculture and the physicians a counterculture. D)Both would be classified as counter cultures.
8)When social values contradict one another, such contradictions can serve as a source of ________. A)social solidarity
9)To fully understand the Islamic practice of polygyny (men having multiple wives), it is necessary to use the perspective of ________.
10)Although formal education is intended to transmit knowledge and skills, it unintentionally teaches students that the same rules apply to everyone. This universality reflects what sociologists describe as ________.
A)a latent function
B)a pattern variable
C)a signaling system
D)a manifest function
11)Society's labeling of stages in life such as "childhood" and "old age" is primarily the result of ________.
A)an individual's status
B)the chronological age of the individual
D)the physical appearance of the individual
12)George Herbert Mead theorized that learning to take the role of the other entails three stages which are the ________, ________, and ________ stages.
A)imitation; play; games
B)primary; secondary; tertiary
C)sensorimotor; preoperational; operational
D)id; ego; superego
13)The process of learning new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors is called ________.
C)the "looking-glass self"
14)A category of people who have comparable levels of income and education and who work at jobs that are roughly comparable in prestige constitutes a ________.
15)The differences in behaviors and attitudes experienced by different categories of...