History of Civilization
Test 2 Study Guide
Bruce W. Strouble Jr.
Instructions: This list consist of key terms and sample questions use this as a guide along with your notes and textbook to prepare for your exam
1. Which of the following statements best describes the first Roman government created in 509 BCE? 2. Which group did the Romans eliminate in order to dominate the Mediterranean Sea region? 3. How did Romans treated the people it conquered?
4. Why was Julius Caesar assassinated in 44 B.C.?
5. Why did the Romans persecute early Christians?
6. How did Christianity grow from a sect of Judaism into a worldwide religion? 7. What ended the Roman persecution of the Christians?
8. Where did Emperor Constantine locate the center of power (the capital) of the Roman Empire? 9. The fall of the Roman Empire?
11. The Republic of Rome?
12. The Republican Government?
13. Who was the last major Republican leader in Rome as part of the First Triumvirate. 14. At which battle did the Goths defeat Rome?
15. What were some of the greatest engineering feats of the Roman Empire? 16. The mythical Founding of Rome
17. The construction of the Great Wall?
18. Which of the following is an accurate similarity between ‘The Roman Empire and The Chinese Dynasty 19. What lead to the Han Dynasties fall in Ancient China? 20. What was the Silk Road in China used for mainly?
21. Which Roman Emperor was infamous for hating Christians and splitting the Roman empire into 2 parts 22. Julius Caesar?
23. Who was the first emperor of Rome?
24. The Roman Republic?
25. How did Rome defeat Carthage
26. Why did Constantine, the great Roman emperor, convert to Christianity?? 27. Which of the following is true about the spread of Islam Muhammad’s message of absolute monotheism (tawhid) and social equality was passed on during the Migration (Hijrah) of Muhammad and his followers to Yathrib (Madinah) to escape persecution was to become pivotal for Islam and its spread in the Arabian Penninsula. The conversion to Islam from Idol worshiping began. 28. What is true of Mansa Musa and his Legendary Pilgrimage to Mecca
Mansa Musa began his obligatory hajj to Mecca in 1324 with an impressive company. In his caravan he brought sixty-thousand people dressed in fine silk and eighty camels carrying two tons of gold. Among this throng Mansa Musa had twelve-thousand servants, five hundred of which carried staffs of gold. If this entourage had not caught the attention of the countries he crossed through, his generous giving would. Wherever he went he gave gold to the needy as given is required by a pillar of Islam. One writer even suggests that on every Friday during his travel he erected a mosque in the city that he found himself in. In Cairo he gave so much gold that in Egypt its value did not recover for twelve years. Before he returned to Mali, he had given away or spent so much that he was forced to borrow money from a merchant in Cairo for his return trip. While most of the inhabitants of Mali were not Muslim, and although he allowed them to maintain their religious diversity, Mansa Musa remained distinctly Muslim. His pilgrimage to Mecca was a clear illustration of his devotion, but he showed his religious beliefs in several other ways. His grandfather before him had converted to Islam, and Mansa Musa established Islam as the national religion. He also built mosques and important Islamic centers of learning. Under his rule Timbuktu rose to become not only an important city in the trans-Saharan trade route but also the center of Islamic scholarship. 29. of the following is true about West African Kingdoms 800 c.e-1400 c.e
Ghana's king was the leader of a religious cult that was served by devoted priests, and the king's subjects were obliged to view him as divine and as too exalted to communicate directly with them. As Ghana's kings...