History & Nature of the Game

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  • Topic: Basketball, James Naismith, Free throw
  • Pages : 10 (3194 words )
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  • Published : August 10, 2011
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HISTORY & NATURE OF THE GAME

Basketball was invented in 1891 by James Naismith; a Canadian teacher. It was first played with a soccer-style ball and peach baskets as the goals. Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players on the court (usually 2 guards, 2 forwards and 1 centre) each try to score points against one another by forcing a ball through a 10 feet (3m) high hoop. The ball can be advanced on the court by dribbling or passing it between teammates. Disruptive physical contact (fouls) is not permitted and there are restrictions on how the ball can be handled (violations).

Basketball Game Rule
Basketball Games are a test to player's agility and endurance, and require remarkable hand-eye coordination on the players' behalf. The simple rule of basketball game play on a rule- Get your team's basketball through the opposing team's basket as many times as possible while preventing your opposing team from doing the same (i.e., taking a Shot in to your basket). The team having the ball plays in offence and the other team plays in defense (trying to stop the offence team from scoring a Shot). Official basketball games are played for a predetermined period of time and the team that scores maximum points within the stipulated time is declared as winner.

Basketball Scores are determined depending on the type of shot made: *One point for every successful free throw (Foul Shot) *Two points for one Shot
*Three points for a Long-range Shot (6.25 meters from the basket)

In every basketball match there will also be one referee and one or two umpires in order to control the game.

Basketball Rules

Take a look at few basketball rules that every player is required to adhere to while playing an official basketball match:

-The offensive team cannot permit the basketball to go behind the midcourt line and touch it before the opposing team touches it. This is called a backcourt violation and the ball will be awarded to the opposing team.

-Every player is required to bounce the ball while moving around the court. This is called dribbling. A player can take utmost two steps after he stops dribbling in order to avoid committing a double-dribble violation, in which case the opposing team gains possession of the ball.

Basketball Foul occurs when one player tries to take unfair advantage over another player (or attempts in anyway to disadvantage the game of the opponent player). If a player commits more than five fouls in a game (six fouls for NBA and few other professional leagues) then the player will be 'fouled out' and will be removed from the game. If no substitute player is present to take his place then the entire team will have to forfeit the match.

Take a look at common Fouls committed by basketball game players :

*Personal Foul - Denotes all normal fouls. In the event of a personal foul the players who are fouled will receive a free throw or will receive the ball to pass inbounds again

*Technical Foul - Occurs when a player or coach displays poor sportsmanship by arguing / fighting with another player or the referee. The player (or coach) committing the foul will be disqualified from the match.

*Unsportsmanlike Foul - These are blatant fouls often involving excessive contact and call for harsh penalties.

The Fundamental Skills of Basketball

To get better skills in basketball players need to first understand and master the basics of the game. In basketball, there are 6 different fundamental skill areas that players should concentrate on in training. Dribbling 

Dribbling the basketball is done to move the ball around only when a passing isn't a better option and a lane isn't available. Both new and experienced players make the mistake of dribbling the ball when it isn't needed. Ask any collage or professional basketball coach - they will all tell you the...
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