Muhammad Ali Jinnah: Leader of Muslim League
Jinnah was a Muslim, lawyer, statesman and more importantly the founder of Pakistan. He was born
in 1876 and is known as Quaid-e-Azam. Jinnah ac- quired his education from Sindh Madrasa and went to Karachi's Mission School. He went to England to pur- sue law studies and was included in the bar in 1896. He
initiated his political career in 1906 by becoming a member of the All India National Congress and devel- oped relations with Muslim Leaders. In 1913 he joined
the All India Muslim League. Jinnah tried to strengthen the Hindu Muslim
unity as annual sessions of both the Indian National Congress and All India Muslim League were held to- gether in Lucknow in 1916. Jinnah's efforts to promote Hindu Muslim unity reached a climax after the Nehru Report was published in 1928 which faced criticism and
certain amendments were proposed. When these were
rejected, Jinnah finally decided to part ways with the
The Muslim League was founded in 1906 to safeguard the rights of Indian Muslims. At first the league was encouraged by the British and was generally favourable to their rule, but the organization adopted self-government for India as its goal in 1913. For several decades the league and its leaders, notably Mohammed Ali Jinnah , called for Hindu-Muslim unity in a united and independent India. It was not until 1940 that the league called for the formation of a Muslim state that would be separate from the projected independent nation of India. The league wanted a separate nation for India's Muslims because it feared that an independent India would be dominated by Hindus.
Jinnah and the Muslim League led the struggle for the partition of British India into separate Hindu and Muslim states, and after the formation of Pakistan in 1947 the league became Pakistan's dominant political party. In that year it was renamed the All Pakistan Muslim League. But the league functioned less effectively as a modern... [continues]
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