Imagine talking about the latest elections with someone three thousand
miles away without receiving a tremendous phone bill. Or sending a letter to a
friend or relative and having it arrive one second later. How would it feel to
know that any source of information is at your fingertips at the press of a
button? All of these are possible and more with a system of networks all
connected and sending information at light speed from place to place known as
the Internet. This is a trend word for the nineties yet it has a background
that spans all the way back to the sixties. The history of the Internet is a
full one at that even though it has only been around for about 30 years. It has
grown to be the greatest collection of networks in the world, its origins go
back to 1962.
In 1962 the original idea for this great network of computers sprung
forth from a question "How could U.S. authorities successfully communicate after
a nuclear war?" The answer came from the Rand Corporation, America's foremost
Cold War think-tank. Why not create a network of computers without one central
main authoritative unit (Sterling 1) The Rand Corporation working along side the
U.S. Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) devised a plan. The network
itself would be considered unreliable at all times; therefore it would never
become too dependable and powerful. Each computer on the network or node would
have its own authority to originate, pass, and receive messages. The name given
to this network was the ARPANET.
To fully understand the ARPANET, an understanding of how a network works
is needed. A network is a group of computers connected by a permanent cable or
temporary phone line. The sole purpose of a network is to be able to
communicate and send information electronically. The plan for the ARPANET was
to have the messages themselves divided into packets, each packet separately
addressed to be able to wind its way through the network on an... [continues]
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"The History of the Internet." StudyMode.com. 10, 1999. Accessed 10, 1999. http://www.studymode.com/essays/History-Internet-866.html.