Section 3—A Clash of Values
1. Nativism is the belief that one’s native land needs to be protected against immigrants. It is important because the fear and prejudice that many felt toward Germans and communists during and after WWI triggered a general rise in racism and nativism. Anarchists are people who oppose all forms of government. Two Italian immigrants, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, were anarchists who were arrested for robbing and murdering two employees from a shoe factory in Massachusetts. The Emergency Quota Act restricted annual admission to the United States to only 3 percent of the total number of people in any ethnic group already living in the nation. The National Origins Act, which was passed in 1924, made immigration restriction a permanent policy. Fundamentalism was a religious movement that a lot of people joined when they were afraid that the country was losing its traditional values. The name derived from a series of Christian religious pamphlets titled “The Fundamentals.” Evolution was Charles Darwins’ theory in which he said that human beings had developed from lower forms of life over the course of millions of years. Creationism was what people rejected the idea of evolution to support. It was the belief that God created the world as described in the Bible. Speakeasies were how Americans attempted to go around the prohibition laws. People flocked to secret bars, called speakeasies, where they could purchase alcohol. 2. The two factors that influenced the limits on immigration were postwar recession and nativist pleas to “Keep America American.” In 1921 the Emergency Quota Act made it so ethnic identity and national origin determined admission to the United States. Then, in 1924the National Origins Act made the immigration restriction a permanent policy. 3. One of the major issues that caused clashes between traditional and new moralities was the new right that women were allowed to vote. After winning the right to vote, many...
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