THE TEHRAN CONFERENCE (1943) – Worksheet
The first meeting of the "Big Three" took place in the Iranian capital of Tehran. From November 28 to December 1, 1943, Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met to focus on the following areas: the war, Germany after the war, Poland after the war, Eastern Europe after the war, Japan, and the establishment of the United Nations.
1. Read pages 9 to 12 of the text History - 20th Century World: The Cold War. 2. Using the information on pages 9 to 12 of the text History - 20th Century World: The Cold War, complete the following table (see below). 3. Feel free to add and use ANY resources possible, but DO NOT COPY AND PASTE. 4. Feel free to use the table and adjust the size of each box according to the amount of information you have provided. 5. Read the marks scheme below the list in order to understand how the activity will be graded. 6. Once completed, save and title the file in the following manner: "THE TEHRAN CONFERENCES (1943) - Worksheet - (Your Full Name).docx". If you are using Pages, follow the same format. 7. Once you finish titling the completed work, save the file on a USB flash-drive or stick (or portable hard drive) and submit it to me via these medium (DO NOT EMAIL THE WORK). Sites Used:
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Our Textbook History-20th Century World: The Cold War
| WHAT HAPPENED?
| Analysis: How did this raise the tension between the USA (and Britain) and the USSR?
| Who was at fault? USA? USSR? Or Both? Explain.
| The War
| * After significant turning points during WWII in 1942, the Allies were defeating Nazi Germany. However, much of the fighting against Nazi Germany was taken on by the Soviet Union. * Stalin still wanted the support of the UK and US in the opening of a second front against Germany, to squeeze Germany in a pincer movement. * The US and UK agreed to provide the support Stalin wanted but only at the right time of action.
| * Stalin felt abandoned by the US and UK, as they were not giving his people the military support they needed.; * Stalin also felt suspicious of the US and UK’s true intentions, as they agreed to help him at the ‘right time.’ He felt that they were placing their obligations above the welfare of the Allies (he felt that they were selfishly prioritizing themselves over the USSR and the people dying and struggling without any sort of aid from the Allies). * Stalin feared that the US was trying to gain an advantage over the USSR by delaying support and weakening his country. (What was Stalin’s basis for this particular point you have stated?)
| * I think that both were at fault. * The US was at fault because they purposely worded their agreement in a manner that was bound to be deemed suspicious; they created a loophole for themselves and both the US and USSR knew it. * The USSR was at fault because they feared for the worst and did not stop to see things from the US’ point of view; the US was trying to wait for the opportune time to aid the USSR, as opposed to letting the USSR deplete their sources and military for their own advantage
| * There was no agreement on what was to happen to Germany’s future. However, the invasion date for the amphibious landing—also known as Operation Overlord--was decided by the two parties. * All three countries wanted a complete and total surrender from Germany, not just defeat them. * They wanted to get rid of the Nazi political party in Germany, as well as de-militarize Germany as to make sure she could not be a threat in the future. * Stalin wanted Germany to suffer. * The Allies agreed to give a portion of Germany’s land to compensate for the...
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