History and Civilization
HIST 191 Fall 2013
Research paper Topic: 10 Genocides against Bošnjaks
Faruk Hodžić Prof. Muhidin Mulalić
ID number: 1210195
Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, Caste, religious, or national group. Generally speaking, genocide does not necessarily mean the immediate destruction of a nation, except when accomplished by mass killings of all members of a nation. It is intended rather to signify a coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of essential foundations of the life of national groups, with the aim of annihilating the groups themselves. The objectives of such a plan would be the disintegration of the political and social institutions, of culture, language, national feelings, religion, and the economic existence of national groups, and the destruction of the personal security, liberty, health, dignity, and even the lives of the individuals belonging to such groups. Key words: Bosnia and Herzegovina, genocide, ethnic cleansing, war.
European historiography from ancient times onwards records countless raids of various Eurasian tyrants and their hordes who regularly abounded massive murders, rape and persecution, almost as a rule, in most civilian parts subdued or occupied population, women, children and the elderly, as well as captured enemy soldiers. However, the background of the last genocide against Bosnian civilians just needs to be scientifically unmasked in its deep roots and proved to be a very old and since the medieval times periodically renewed strategic project by the European centers of power aiming for permanent nullification of a European country and destroying its legal and legitimate owner, the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Perpetrators of the genocide were only the last link in the chain of overall developments in this field, and the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina don't need to search for a background or rout the germ of this monstrous crime in a supposedly modern and civilized world and European unity. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country well known for its religious and cultural character. It is stated in the heart of a so called modern European community, surrounded by hungry Orthodox and Catholic wolves waiting for the right moment to tear its Muslim roots apart. They have tried several times, to be more specific, ten times they tried to wipe out the Muslim population which is a stain on the European map in the eyes of the non-Muslims.
First Genocide of the Muslims in Bosnia and Herzegovina happened 584 years after the First Crusade and lasted from 1683. to 1699. This is the first genocide and the first real, large and collective tragedy of Muslims that occurred during and after the great war, also known as Vienna war between the Ottoman Empire and Austria. Since the Turks lost all their possessions and power in Hungary, Slavonia, Lika, Krbava, Dalmatia and the Bay of Kotor in the war, all the Muslims from these countries and regions which failed to promptly withdraw in Bosnia and other areas south of the Sava and Dunav were vigorously and fastly killed, exiled, assimilated and converted into Catholicism, just as the Muslims in Spain two centuries earlier. The initiator and organizer of the first genocide was the Church. As two centuries earlier in Spain, all the facilities of the Islamic material and religious culture and civilization: mezaristans, tombs , kutubhanas, hamams, bezistans, imaret, musfirhanas, clock towers, mosques, madresas, fountains, and hans on the territory of Hungary, Slavonia, Lika, Udbina, Krbava, Dalmatia and the Bay of Kotor were...