History of Witchcraft
Little was it known for us people living in the 21st Century that witchcraft has a vast and long history. Witches were hated and avoided at. They have been accused of casting evil spells for which they have faced trials that condemned them their deaths. In the Middle Ages to the 1700’s, in accordance with buzzle.com, in which they have stated in their website, “Starting from around 700 A.D., this practice [witchcraft] was viewed more and more as heresy, or the rejection of the teachings of the church in Europe. Thus was begun a long campaign by the Christian church to eradicate heresy. From around the 1000s, heretics began to be sentenced to death by burning by religious leaders.” Furthermore, the Inquisition, which started around 1230, was actually an endeavor by the church to hunt out and punish them and force them to follow the teachings of the church in Europe. This started the long campaign by the Christian Church to eradicate heresy. In due course, the Christian churches as well as the nonreligious, and secular courts began persecuting witches. Actually, right after the 1500’s, it was in the secular courts where most of the trials were executed. Just as they have said in the website, historians were skeptical and doubtful whether the worship for the devil was ever actually widespread and pervasive. In spite of this, the stories that were spread made a world of extreme fear and anxiety. “It was during the late 1500s and the early 1600s that the trials reached their peak in Europe. Many of the victims, comprising mostly women, were usually charged falsely of witchcraft. Most of these women, accused, were cruelly tortured until they were forced to confess. Then they were imprisoned, banished, or were executed. “, says buzzle.com. “In the American Colonies, particularly in New England, a small number of women incriminated as witches were persecuted from the middle of the 1600s to the early part of the 1700s. While some faced banishment, others were summarily executed. Evidences
In this part, the student researchers would like to assert a number of proofs for the existence of black magic, from around the world, from the Philippines, and from certain regions where the use of it has been popularly known. 1.
Black magic revealed in two ancient curses
This article in foxnews.com shows evidence in the use of black magic during the ancient times, where two curses involving snakes were cast, one targeting a senator and the other an animal doctor, says a Spanish researcher who has just deciphered the 1,600 year old curses. The author of the article, Owen Jarus, said that both curses feature a depiction of a deity, possibly the Greek goddess Hekate, with serpents coming out of her hair, possibly meant to strike at victims. “Both curses contain Greek invocations similar to examples known to call upon Hekate.” He added, “The two curses, mainly written in Latin and inscribed on thin lead tablets, would have been created by two different people late in the life of the Roman Empire. Both tablets were rediscovered in 2009 at the Museo Archeologico Civico di Bolonga , in Italy, and were originally acquired by the museum during the late 19th century. Although scholars aren't sure where the tablets originated, after examining and deciphering the curses , they know who victims of the curses were.” One of the curses targets a Roman senator named Fistus and appears to be the only known example of a cursed senator. The other curse targets a veterinarian named Porcello. Ironically, Porcello is the Latin word for pig. Celia Sánchez Natalías, a doctoral student at the University of Zaragoza, explained that Porcello was probably his real name. I quote, "In the world of curse tablets, one of the things that you have to do is to try to identify your victim in a very, very, exact way." Natalías alleged that it isn't certain who cursed Porcello or why - it could be for either personal or professional reasons. "Maybe this...
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