a. Railroad route
b. Rain follows the plow (not really)
II. War patterns
b. Allotment – Dawes Act (1887)
One way to think about Reconstruction is a failure to deploy federal power. It allowed the terrorists to reign freely. The Freedmen bureau had at its peak 900 agents. At most 20 agents in states. A gov. that looks really weak in the context of the south, looks really strong in a different context. In the vantage of the Native Americans, the American government seemed strong. 1860- 1880 the Plains War. Fed. Policy was to remove Indians from the land that settlers could use. The Great Plains = The Great American Desert. Removal Act made it Native American lands for their countries. 1862 Homestead Act, anyone who is or intends to be a citizen (that has not borne arms against the US) can get 160 acres of public domain if they occupied it for 5 years and taking care of the land. Before the Civil War, the US couldn’t make a transcontinental railroad. When the South seceded, they made a Northern route. In the 1860’s to 1870’s, vast land grants were given to railroad companies. Explosion of railroad construction during this period. The companies promoted settlement, and to finance the railroads, the companies were selling the land to settlers. The railroads were also in the shipping business, and if there were settlers, shipping was a necessity. Cattle replaced buffalo’s as the main meat. Farmers came to the Great Plains. There were more rain than normal in the Great Plains, and some believed it to be man-made climate change. “Rain follows the plow” In the mid 80’s the rain dried up, and many of the settlers left. The ones that remained learned to adapt. The western movement demanded Indian land. The worst thing to happen to Indian land is when Gold is discovered in their land. Gold rush in Colorado led to the Sand Creek massacre. The Col. Militia ordered to kill all the...
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