History: 2nd Millennium and Medical Knowledge

Topics: 2nd millennium, Medicine, Middle Ages Pages: 37 (10357 words) Published: April 21, 2013



Tuesday 14th June P.M. Paper 2

Health and Medicine.

Health and Medicine c 1345 onwards.
Study guides and useful websites. 1. You can buy a full colour CGP guide from us for £ 2.75 2. BBC Bitesize is useful but make sure you select the correct topics. 3. Twilight revision sessions every Wednesday or Thursday in M59 from the end of February until the exams in June. Special equipment.

You need a decent black (fine tip) pen.

 Get a highlighter and go through the exam answers highlighting the key names and dates.  Write some of these on post it’s and put them around your room at home.  Practise doing old exam papers.  Draw mind maps.


With biscuits.

Health and Medicine.
  Friday 27th May: 3.20-4.20 in M59. Tuesday 31st May (during the half term break). 1.30 to 3.00 pm in M59. Students should come to M59 via the Post 16 entrance. Wednesday 8th June: 3.20-4.20 in M59. Monday 13th June: 3.20-4.20 in M59. Tuesday 14th June: 12.15-12.35 Revision slide show in M59.

  





Content focus What were the main medical ideas common in Wales and England in the late middle ages?

1. Developments in medical knowledge Content exemplification   The idea of alchemy (the search for drugs and potions) Other common ideas (‘Zodiac man’ charts and the influence of astrology; the theory of the four humours) The impact of the Renaissance (the influence of Renaissance ideas – including printing – on medical knowledge) Important developments in medical knowledge (the work and importance of Andreas Vesalius and Ambroise Paré; the work and importance of William Harvey) Work on the germ theory (the work and importance of Louis Pasteur and of Robert Koch) The development of scanning techniques (the work of Wilhelm Röntgen and X-rays; ultra-sound, MRI and PET scans) The developments in genetics (the discovery of DNA and genetics; continued development and application

What were the main developments in medical knowledge in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries?

How much progress has been made in medical knowledge from the nineteenth century to today?

 

Content focus

2. Changes in the prevention and treatment of disease Content exemplification  The use of traditional treatments and remedies (such as herbal medicines; barber surgeons; purging; the use of leeches)  Scientific approaches to treating disease (invention of the microscope; scientific study of disease; Edward Jenner and vaccination)  The development of anaesthetics (the need for anaesthetic; James Simpson and the discovery of anaesthetics; importance and impact)  The development of antiseptics (the need for antiseptics; Joseph Lister and the use of antiseptics; importance and impact)

How did methods of treating disease in Wales and England change from the late middle ages to the eighteenth century?

What were the main advances made in surgical methods in Britain in the nineteenth century?


What have been the main turning points in the prevention and treatment of disease from the twentieth century to today?

The development of antibiotics (Alexander Fleming and penicillin; Florey and Chain; mass production of penicillin) Developments in transplant surgery (Christian Barnard and heart transplants; modern transplant surgery) Modern drugs and treatment (e.g. treatment for cancers and for heart disease; the HIV/AIDS threat; the use of keyhole and micro surgery)

Content focus

3. Developments in public health and patient care. Content exemplification  The use of the Church and hospitals (the role of the Church and medieval hospitals in caring for the sick)  The impact of the Black Death (causes of the disease; methods of combating the plague)

How were the sick cared for in Wales and England from the late middle ages to...
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