History

Topics: Bleeding Kansas, American Civil War, Compromise of 1850 Pages: 5 (823 words) Published: August 30, 2013
Name _____________________________ Class _________________ Date __________________

A Divided Nation Section 2
MAIN IDEAS
1. The debate over the expansion of slavery influenced the election of 1852. 2. The Kansas-Nebraska Act allowed voters to allow or prohibit slavery. 3. Pro-slavery and antislavery groups clashed violently in what became known as “Bleeding Kansas.”

Key Terms and People
Franklin Pierce Democratic candidate who won the presidential election of 1852 Stephen Douglas representative who introduced what would become the Kansas-

Nebraska Act
Kansas-Nebraska Act the law that divided the rest of the Louisiana Purchase into

two territories—Kansas and Nebraska
Pottawatomie Massacre the murder of five pro-slavery men at Pottawatomie Creek

by John Brown and several other abolitionists
Charles Sumner Massachusetts senator who was an outspoken critic of pro-slavery

leaders
Preston Brooks South Carolina representative who used a cane to beat Charles

Sumner on the Senate floor for his criticisms of pro-slavery leaders

Academic Vocabulary
implications effects of a decision

Section Summary
ELECTION OF 1852 In the presidential election of 1852, the Democrats nominated Franklin Pierce. He was not a wellknown politician, however his promise to honor the Compromise of 1850 assured him many southern votes. Pierce ran against Whig candidate Winfield Scott. Pierce’s win over Scott was resounding. When the votes were counted, it was discovered that out of the 31 states, 27 voted for Pierce. Why was Franklin Pierce a popular candidate in the South? _______________________ _______________________

Original content © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Additions and changes to the original content are the responsibility of the instructor.

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Guided Reading Workbook

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Section 2, continued

THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT The slavery issue continued to plague the United States. In 1854, Representative Stephen Douglas introduced a bill that addressed slavery in the Louisiana Territory. When it was signed into law on May 30, it became known as the Kansas-Nebraska Act. It got its name from the two territories into which it divided the rest of Louisiana—Kansas and Nebraska. In each territory, popular sovereignty would determine the answer to the slavery question. To make sure Kansas voted in favor of slavery, pro-slavery voters left their homes in Missouri to cross the border and vote in Kansas. They won and quickly set up a pro-slavery government. However those who did not believe in slavery set up another, separate government in Topeka. “BLEEDING KANSAS” In May 1856, pro-slavery jurors charged antislavery leaders with treason. Pro-slavery forces rode to Lawrence to arrest those charged. When they found the suspects had fled, they burned and looted the town. The Sack of Lawrence outraged many abolitionists, including New England abolitionist John Brown. Together with a small group that included four of his sons, Brown was responsible for the Pottawatomie Massacre, in which five proslavery men were killed. Quickly, Kansas fell into civil war. Fighting even took place on the Senate floor. South Carolina Representative Preston Brooks used his cane to beat Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner into unconsciousness because of Sumner’s criticisms of pro-slavery leaders. CHALLENGE ACTIVITY Critical Thinking: Write to Explain Write a few

How did the KansasNebraska Act get its name? _______________________ _______________________ _______________________

What do you think would be the consequences of one state having two governments? _______________________ _______________________

What caused the Sack of Lawrence? _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________

Was Senator Charles Sumner for or against slavery? _______________________ _______________________...
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