Advanced Higher History
* The Revolution from below.
* The Ebert-Groener telephone pact. (2011)
* The Spartacist revolt and its suppression. (2012)
* The Preparation and Adoption of the Weimar Constitution. (2009)
* Impact of hyperinflation in German life.
* The Political Consequences of the crisis. (2008)
* The Dawes Plan.(2010)
* Stresemann’s motives and political development. (2008)
* Political and Economical stabilisation.
* Stresemann’s foreign policy: fulfilment.
* Hindenburg’s election as President.
* Evaluation of Stresemann’s significance.
* Emergence of the Nazis as a mass movement and major political force. * The Nazi opponents: there mistakes and weaknesses.
* Hitler and the politics of intrigue: Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor. (2009)
* The Reichstag Fire. (2012, 2008)
* Ministry of Propaganda. 8
* The Significane of the Enabling Act. 8
* The Night of the Long Knives. (2010)
* Gestapo/role of the SS.
Volksgemeinshcaft (racial community)
* The Volksgemeinshcaft was the Nazi attempt to unite all people in a racially pure classless society. * The status of Germans would be determined by racial purity and ideological commitment to the state. * They believed in a person doing something for the community or the state rather than for their own personal gain. E.g. Relations between husband and wife were considered less important than the demands of the state. * Women were viewed as having a crucial role in the Volksgemeinshcaft- they were to be housewives/baby makers. Women were to produce pure bred Aryan babies. * The Nazis also wanted the support of the workers. For this reason, the Labour unions were destroyed and replaced with the Nazis Labour Front (DAF). * They also sought to indoctrinate the Young. Youth organisations were set up and became compulsory for boys and girls- Hitler Youth and League of German Girls. * They used education to indoctrinate children- Teachers were ’co-ordinated’ and the curriculum was revised to make sure that all subjects were organised around racial ideology. * The aim was that members of the Volksgemeinshcaft would be Aryan, genetically healthy, socially useful and politically committed to the regime. The ideal German was seen as the traditional peasant, working closely to the German soil.
* To have children (purely bred)
* To do everything possible to strengthen the health and racial purity of the German nation. * Sacrifice self for the national good.
* Idolise the Fuhrer.
* They had a clear view of women taking the traditional role of house worker and mother. They used propaganda to encourage divorce In non-prosperous marriages. * Higher taxes for women with fewer children.
* Blood protection laws- marriages to a Black, Jew or Gypsy was forbidden.
* Birth rate rose between 1933-39 and then slowly declined. * Marriage increased but so did divorce.
* It is argued that the increased birth rate was due to the economic recovery rather than Nazi policy. * Nazi eugenic policies reduced the population.
* The Nazis hoped that the influence of the Youth Organisations would be stronger than traditional and possibly hostile influences like the churches and parents. * In the curriculum, greater stress was put on physical activities and Nazi ideology was incorporated into subjects.
* Hitler wanted to replace Christianity, religion reflecting the values of an inferior race, with a new assertive Aryan race. * The Church were an obstacle in his reordering of the German people into committed followers of his regime. * He aimed to gain some control of the church and then gradually reduce their influence. * The German faith movement wanted to Nazify Christianity.
The Nazis also pursued racial policies designed to rid Germany of all...
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