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GRAAD 12

NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE

GRADE 12

HISTORY P1 FEBRUARY/MARCH 2012

MARKS: 150 TIME: 3 hours

This question paper consists of 10 pages and an addendum of 12 pages.

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History/P1

2 NSC

DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2012

INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION 1. This question paper consists of FOUR questions based on the prescribed content framework as contained in the guideline document: QUESTION 1: WHAT WAS THE IMPACT OF THE COLD WAR IN FORMING THE WORLD AS IT WAS IN THE 1960s? • USSR/USA – Creating spheres of interest: Focus on Cuba QUESTION 2: HOW WAS UHURU REALISED IN AFRICA IN THE 1960s AND 1970s? • Case Study: Tanzania QUESTION 3: WHAT FORMS OF CIVIL SOCIETY PROTEST EMERGED FROM THE 1960s UP TO 1990? • Focus 1960s: Civil Rights Movement in the USA QUESTION 4: WHAT FORMS OF CIVIL SOCIETY PROTEST EMERGED FROM THE 1960s UP TO 1990? • Focus 1970s: Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa 2. Each question counts 75 marks, of which 45 marks are allocated for the source-based question and 30 marks for the extended writing question. Candidates are required to answer any TWO questions. When answering questions, candidates should apply their knowledge, skills and insight. A mere rewriting of the sources as answers will disadvantage candidates. Questions should be answered by referring to the ADDENDUM. Write neatly and legibly.

3. 4.

5. 6. 7.

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History/P1

3 NSC

DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2012

QUESTION 1:

WHY DID THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA) AND THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS (USSR) BECOME INVOLVED IN THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS?

Study Sources 1A, 1B and 1C to answer the following questions. 1.1 Refer to Source 1A. 1.1.1 Why, do you think, the: (a) (b) 1.1.2 USA deployed missiles near USSR borders? USSR deployed missiles in Cuba? (1 x 2) (1 x 2) (2) (2)

Explain whether the USSR was justified in deploying missiles in Cuba. (2 x 2)

(4)

1.2

Study Source 1B. 1.2.1 Why did the editor of The New York Times chose to publish this particular article? (1 x 2) How does the headline in The New York Times portray Kennedy? (1 x 3) Comment on how Kennedy dealt with the crisis in Cuba. (2 x 2)

(2)

1.2.2

(3) (4)

1.2.3 1.2.4

Explain why you think Cuba became a 'mere pawn' in the Cold War conflict between the superpowers. (2 x 2) To what extent do you think this newspaper article is biased? (2 x 2)

(4) (4)

1.2.5 1.3

Consult Source 1C. 1.3.1 1.3.2 What message does the cartoon convey? (1 x 2) (2)

Comment on whether the cartoonist gives an accurate portrayal of events. (2 x 2) Both Khrushchev and Kennedy have their fingers ready to press a button. What do you think would have happened if these buttons were pressed? (1 x 2)

(4)

1.3.3

(2)

1.4

Using the information from Sources 1B, 1C and your own knowledge, explain how these sources support each other regarding Cold War tensions in Cuba. (2 x 2) Using ALL the sources and your own knowledge, write a paragraph of about EIGHT lines (about 80 words) to explain the effects of the Cuban Missile Crisis on USA-USSR relations. Please turn over

(4)

1.5

(8)

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History/P1

4 NSC

DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2012

1.6

EXTENDED WRITING (Your response should be about TWO pages in length.) Answer ONE of QUESTION 1.6.2. 1.6.1 the following questions: QUESTION 1.6.1 OR

Discuss the role played by both the USA and USSR in the Cuban Missile Crisis. OR

(30)

1.6.2

'It was American aggression in Europe that resulted in a nuclear crisis in Cuba.' Do you agree with the statement? Using the information from ALL the sources and your own knowledge, write an essay to substantiate your argument.

(30) [75]

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History/P1

5 NSC

DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2012

QUESTION 2:

HOW DID JULIUS NYERERE'S POLICY OF AFRICAN SOCIALISM TRANSFORM TANZANIA AFTER INDEPENDENCE?

Use Sources 2A and 2B...
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